JLPT N1 Grammar (darou ni)


(1) surely..., but ~; although... is likely, ~ (2) should have (regret); might / must have been ~

How to use

Sentence (casual)だろうに

Learn Japanese grammar: (darou ni). Meaning: (1) surely…, but ~; although… is likely, ~ (2) should have (regret); might / must have been ~.

Meaning 1) criticism / sympathy (同情・批判)

Denotes the speaker’s criticism, improvement, or sympathy for the actions and circumstances of others…

  • “surely…, but ~”
  • “although… is likely, ~”

See examples 1 ~ 6

Meaning 2) regrettable (残念)

Expresses regret about not doing what should/could be done for something that did not actually happen.

  • “I should have done…, but I didn’t”
  • “there must have been ~”
  • “I might have been ~”

See examples 7 ~ 10

JLPT grammar だろうに (darou ni)  - Learn Japanese
become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

watashi ga anata no tachiba dattara, yamete iru darou ni.
Were I in your position, I would have quit.
Example #2

kosodate de tsukarete iru darou ni, tsuma wa kaji mo ganbatte kurete iru.
My wife is doing her best with the housework, even though she may be tired from raising our children.
Example #3

kodomo o hageshiku shikaru nante yokunai darou ni, shikaranai to kodomo ga jiritsu dekinai.
Although harsly scolding children is surely not good, if we don't scold them at all, our kids won’t become independent.
Example #4

manichi kare ga anata ni aeba, kare wa odoroku darou ni.
Should he be able to see you, he would surely be surprised.
Example #5

risuku ga aru darou ni, naze tsudzukete iru no ka hanashi o kiite mitai.
I'd like to hear why you're continuing this, even though there clearly are risks.
Example #6

jikan nante takusan aru darou ni, yuukou ni tsukawanai hito koso sukunai to nageku.
Although there is a lot of time, it is tragic that only few people use it effectively.
Example #7

mou sukoshi hayaku ie o dete itara, chikoku sezu ni sunda darou ni.
If only I had left home a little earlier, I wouldn't have been late.
Example #8

chanto kasa o motte ittara, nurenakatta darou ni...
If I had brought my umbrella, I wouldn't have gotten wet...
Example #9

mou ippun hayakattara, joou ga mirareta darou ni.
Had it been one minute earlier, I would have been able to see the Queen.
Example #10

moshi kanojo no juusho o shitte ireba, tegami o kaku darou ni.
If I knew her address, I would have wrote a letter.

View all JLPT N1 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N1 grammar list