JLPT N5 Grammar (dake)

Meaning

only; just; as much as~

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)だけ
Noun
な-adjective + な
い-adjective
dake だけ jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (dake). Meaning: only; just; as much as~.

Meaning 1) only; just; alone

Example 1-A)

hitori dake.

only one person.

Example 1-B)

tada hitotsu dake aru.

There is only one.

Example 1-C)

hoshii mono wa kore dake.

This is the only thing I want.

Meaning 2 examples) as much as; at least

Example 2-A)

watashi wa dekiru dake kane o karinai youni shiteiru.

I try to borrow as little money as I possibly can.

Example 2-B)

ikura nandemo juugo nin dake wa kuru darou.

Surely 15 people will come at least.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

わたしのもっているおかねはこれだけだ。
watashi no motteiru okane wa kore dake da.
This is all the money I have..
Example #2

ちょっとみっているだけです。
chotto mitteiru dake desu.
I'm just looking around.
Example #3

すきじゃないたべものはトマトだけだ。
suki janai tabemono wa tomato dake da.
The only food I dislike are tomatoes.
Example #4

ただはなしていただけです。
tada hanashiteita dake desu.
I was just speaking.
Example #5

もんだいはそれだけだとおもう?
mondai wa sore dake da to omou?
You think that's all there is to this problem?
Example #6

わたしはひとりだけでできます。
watashi wa hitori dake de dekimasu.
I can do it (just) by myself.
Example #7

できるだけあたらしいかんじをべんきょうしたい。
dekiru dake atarashii kanji o benkyou shitai.
I want to study as much new kanji as possible.
Example #8

そのおんなのこはただなくだけだった。
sono onna no ko wa tada naku dake datta.
That little girl did nothing but cry.
Example #9

かのじょがしんらいできるのはかれだけだ。
kanojo ga shinrai dekiru no wa kare dake da.
He is the only one that she can trust.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
一人ひとりone person
一つひとつone thing
あるthere is (non-living)
欲しいほしいwant
わたしI; me
かねmoney
借りるかりるto borrow
来るくるto come
好きじゃないすきじゃないdislike
食べ物たべものfood
新しいあたらしいnew
レッスンれっすんlesson(s)
作りたいつくりたいwant to make

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JLPT N5 vocabulary list

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