JLPT N3 Grammar (sei de)

Meaning

because of; due to; as a result of ~

How to use

Verb (casual)せい(で/に)
Noun + の
Adjective
sei de せいで jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (sei). Meaning: because of; due to; as a result of ~.

This is mostly used to express a negative result, but it can also be neutral or used even with some positive results as well.

However, to emphasize a positive result properly, it is best to use instead.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

さっきコーヒーをのんだせいで、なかなかねられません。
sakki koohii o nonda sei de, nakanaka neraremasen.
Because I drank coffee a little while ago, I can't seem to fall asleep.
Example #2

あたまがいたい。つかれたせいかな。
atama ga itai. tsukareta sei kana.
My head hurts. Maybe it's because I am tired..
Example #3

バスがおくれたせいで、じゅぎょうにおくれてしまった。
basu ga okureta sei de, jugyou ni okurete shimatta.
I was late for class because my bus was late.
Example #4

あなたのしっぱいを、わたしのせいにしないでよ!
anata no shippai o, watashi no sei ni shinai de yo!
Don't blame me for your mistake!
Example #5

たいちょうがわるかったせいで、しけんにしゅうちゅうできなかった。
taichou ga warukatta sei de, shiken ni shuuchuu dekinakatta.
As a result of not feeling well, I wasn't able to concentrate on the exam.
Example #6

バスがおくれたせいで、ひこうきにのれなかった。
basu ga okureta sei de, hikouki ni norenakatta.
I missed my flight because the bus was late.
Example #7

たべすぎたせいで、ちょっとふとってしまった。
tabesugita sei de, chotto futotte shimatta.
I've gained a bit of weight from eating too much.
Example #8

ちゃんとべんきょうしなかったせいで、テストはごうかくできなかった。
chanto benkyou shinakatta sei de, tesuto wa goukaku dekinakatta.
As a result of not studying properly, I wasn't able to pass the test.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
事故じこaccident
約束やくそくpromise
遅れるおくれるto be late
授業じゅぎょうlesson; class
あたまhead
疲れるつかれるto get tired

View all JLPT N3 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N3 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N3 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N3 grammar list

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