JLPT N3 Grammar (zuni)

Meaning

without doing ~

How to use

Verb (ない stem) ないず(に)
する changes toせず(に)
zuni ずに jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (zuni). Meaning: without doing ~.

This is used by adding ず(に)after a verb’s ない stem.

  • たべない = to not eat.
  • たべない + ずに -> たべずに = without eating.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

べんきょうせずにしけんにうかった。
benkyou sezu ni shiken ni ukatta.
I passed the exam without studying.
Example #2

けさ、わたしはあさごはんをたべずにがっこうにきました。
kesa, watashi wa asagohan o tabezuni gakkou ni kimashita.
This morning I went to school without eating breakfast.
Example #3

わたしのことはきにせずにさきにいってください。
watashi no koto wa ki ni sezu ni saki ni itte kudasai.
Please go on ahead without worrying about me.
Example #4

ゆうしょくをたべずにわたしをまっていてくれたんですか?
yuushoku o tabezu ni watashi o matteite kureta n desu ka?
Did you wait for me without eating dinner?
Example #5

きょうは、あたまがいたかったから、がっこうにいかずにいえでねていました。
kyou wa atama ga itakatta kara, gakkou ni ikazuni ie de nete imashita.
Today my head was hurting so without going to school I stayed home and slept.
Example #6

きょうはりょうりをつくらずに、がいしょくしにいこうよ。
kyou wa ryouri o tsukura zuni, gaishoku shini ikou yo.
Today, let's go out to eat without cooking anything.
Example #7

ドアにかぎをかけずにかいものにいってしまった。
doa ni kagi o kakezu ni kaimono ni itte shimatta.
I went shopping without locking the door.
Example #8

このへやには、くつをぬがずにおはいりください。
kono heya niwa, kutsu o nuga zuni o hairi kudasai.
Please enter this room without taking off your shoes.
Example #9

さゆうをみずにみちをわたるとあぶないです。
sayuu o mizu ni michi o wataru to abunai desu.
It’s dangerous to cross the street without looking both ways.

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