JLPT N1 Grammar (zu jimai)

How to use

Verb ない (ない stem) + ずじまい
しない -> せず
zu jimai ずじまい jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (zu jimai). Meaning: ended up not doing ~.

This is used to express that one intended to do something, but ended up finishing … without doing it.

It often includes feelings of unfortunate or regret.

zu jimai ずじまい jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

Click the image to download the flashcard.

become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

ryokou mae ni gaidobukku o katta kedo, tsukawazu jimai datta.
I bought a guidebook before the trip, but I didn't use it.
Example #2

sekkaku nihon e ryokou shita noni, nihon ryouri o tabezu jimai de kaeru koto ni natta.
Even though I traveled to Japan, I ended up returning home without eating any Japanese food.
Example #3

nihongo no hon o takusan katta ga, hotondo yomazu jimai datta.
I bought a lot of Japanese books, but I hardly read them.
Example #4

sekkaku katta yukata mo kotoshi no hanabi taikai ga chuushi ni natte, kizu jimai datta.
The ended up not wearing the yukata I bought because this year's fireworks display was cancelled.
Example #5

kyou wa yasumi naku okyakusan ga kite, hiru gohan o tabezu jimai deshita.
Customers came all day today with no break and I ended up not eating lunch.
Example #6

nihon ni iru ma ni fujisan o mitakattan desu ga, zutto tenki ga warukute, mirezu jimai deshita.
I wanted to see Mt. Fuji while I was in Japan, but the weather was so bad that I ended up not being able to see it.
Example #7

kinou wa risshoku paatii datta kedo, hanashi bakari shite, nani mo tabezu jimai datta.
It was a buffet style party yesterday, but I just talked the whole time and didn't end up eating anything.
Example #8

konshuu wa souchou kara shinya made shigoto suru node kodomo tachi ni aezu jimai deshita.
I worked from early morning to late night this week, so I couldn't see my children.

View all JLPT N1 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N1 Study Guide

N1 Grammar Flashcards

Full Batch Download

Download link includes:

  • Print-ready PDF of square flashcards with cut-out guides (see preview)
  • Full set of high quality .png image flashcards
    • JLPT N1 Grammar 文法 square size (253 images)
    • JLPT N1 Grammar 文法 rectangle size (253 images)