JLPT N1 Grammar (zu jimai)

Meaning

ended up not doing ~

How to use

Verb (ない stem) ない + ずじまい
しない -> せず
zu jimai ずじまい jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (zu jimai). Meaning: ended up not doing ~.

This is used to express that one intended to do something, but ended up finishing … without doing it.

It often includes feelings of unfortunate or regret.

zu jimai ずじまい jlpt n1 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

りょこうまえにガイドブックをかったけど、つかわずじまいだった。
ryokou mae ni gaidobukku o katta kedo, tsukawazu jimai datta.
I bought a guidebook before the trip, but I didn't use it.
Example #2

せっかくにほんへりょこうしたのに、にほんりょうりをたべずじまいでかえることになった。
sekkaku nihon e ryokou shita noni, nihon ryouri o tabezu jimai de kaeru koto ni natta.
Even though I traveled to Japan, I ended up returning home without eating any Japanese food.
Example #3

にほんごのほんをたくさんかったが、ほとんどよまずじまいだった。
nihongo no hon o takusan katta ga, hotondo yomazu jimai datta.
I bought a lot of Japanese books, but I hardly read them.
Example #4

せっかくかったゆかたもことしのはなびたいかいがちゅうしになって、きずじまいだった。
sekkaku katta yukata mo kotoshi no hanabi taikai ga chuushi ni natte, kizu jimai datta.
The ended up not wearing the yukata I bought because this year's fireworks display was cancelled.
Example #5

きょうはやすみなくおきゃくさんがきて、ひるごはんをたべずじまいでした。
kyou wa yasumi naku okyakusan ga kite, hiru gohan o tabezu jimai deshita.
Customers came all day today with no break and I ended up not eating lunch.
Example #6

にほんにいるあいだにふじさんをみたかったんですが、ずっとてんきがわるくて、みれずじまいでした。
nihon ni iru ma ni fujisan o mitakattan desu ga, zutto tenki ga warukute, mirezu jimai deshita.
I wanted to see Mt. Fuji while I was in Japan, but the weather was so bad that I ended up not being able to see it.
Example #7

きのうはりっしょくパーティーだったけど、はなしばかりして、なにもたべずじまいだった。
kinou wa risshoku paatii datta kedo, hanashi bakari shite, nani mo tabezu jimai datta.
It was a buffet style party yesterday, but I just talked the whole time and didn't end up eating anything.
Example #8

こんしゅうはそうちょうからしんやまでしごとするのでこどもたちにあえずじまいでした。
konshuu wa souchou kara shinya made shigoto suru node kodomo tachi ni aezu jimai deshita.
I worked from early morning to late night this week, so I couldn't see my children.

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