JLPT N5 Grammar (sugiru)

How to use

Verb ます (stem form)すぎる
すぎます
すぎた
すぎました
すぎて
な-adjective
い-adjective +
sugiru すぎる 過ぎる jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 過ぎる 【】(sugiru). Meaning: it is used to say something is too much.

Example A) verb

  • たべます -> たべ + すぎる
  • たべ (tabe sugiru)
  • To eat too much

Example B) verb past-tense

  • たべます -> たべ + すぎる
  • たべ (tabe sugita)
  • I ate too much

Example C) verb connection

  • たべます -> たべ + すぎる
  • たべおなかが痛い (tabe sugite onaka ga itai)
  • I ate too much and now my stomach hurts

Extra Notes:

This grammar comes from the verb 過ぎる (sugiru), which means to pass or to exceed. However, this grammar most often written in just hiragana.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

このシャツはおおきすぎる。
kono shatsu wa ooki sugiru.
This shirt is too big.
Example #2

ことしのなつはあつすぎた。
kotoshi no natsu wa atsu sugita.
This year's summer was too hot.
Example #3

ふゆのくるのがはやすぎた。
fuyu no kuru no ga haya sugita.
Winter has come too soon.
Example #4

このもんだいはかんたんすぎます。
kono mondai wa kantan sugimasu.
This problem is too easy.
Example #5

しあわせすぎてしにそうだ。
shiawase sugite shini sou da.
I'm so happy I could die.
Example #6

かんじをおぼえるのがわたしにはむずかしすぎる。
kanji o oboeru no ga watashi ni wa muzukashi sugiru.
Memorizing kanji is a bit too difficult for me.
Example #7

このレストランはちょっとたかすぎる。べつのところにしましょう。
kono resutoran wa chotto taka sugiru. betsu no tokoro ni shimashou.
This restaurant is a bit too expensive. Let's try somewhere else.
Example #8

このかいしゃはきゅうりょうがすくなすぎます。
kono kaisha wa kyuuryou ga sukuna sugimasu.
This company's salary is too low.
Example #9

ごめんなさい、すこしいいすぎました。
gomennasai, sukoshi ii sugimashita.
I'm sorry, I said a bit too much. (I said more than I should have)
Example #10

さくやちょっとのみすぎました。
sakuya chotto nomi sugimashita.
I drank a little bit too much yesterday.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
食べるたべるto eat
お腹が痛いおなかがいたいstomach pain
大きいおおきいbig
漢字かんじkanji
覚えるおぼえるto memorize
私にはわたしにはfor me
難しいむずかしいdifficult
高いたかいexpensive; tall
別のところべつのところa different place
問題もんだいproblem
簡単かんたんsimple; easy
会社かいしゃcompany
給料きゅうりょうsalary
少ないすくないlow; not much
今年ことしthis year
なつsummer
ふゆwinter
早いはやいearly
少しすこしa little
昨夜さくやyesterday night
幸せしあわせhappy
死ぬしぬto die

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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