JLPT N2 Grammar (zaru o enai)

Meaning

cannot help (doing); have no choice but to ~

How to use

Verb (ない root) ないざるを得ない
Exception: しない -> せ
zaru o enai ざるを得ない ざるをえない jlpt n2 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【ざるをえない】(zaru o enai). Meaning: cannot help (doing); have no choice but to ~.


zaru o enai ざるを得ない ざるをえない jlpt n2 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

わたしはそうせざるをえない。
watashi wa sou sezaru o enai.
I have no choice but to do that.
Example #2

いやなしごとでも、せいかつのためにはつづけざるを得ない。
iya na shigoto demo, seikatsu no tame niwa tsuduke eru o enai.
Even if it's work you don't like, you must continue working in order to maintain your livelihood.
Example #3

かれはじゅけんのため、サークルかつどうをやすまざるをえなかった。
kare wa juken no tame, saakuru katsudou o yasuma zaru o enakatta.
In order to prepare for exams, he had no choice but to quit his club activities.
Example #4

かのじょはしんがくしたいが、かぞくががくひをはらえるじょうきょうでもないので、あきらめざるをえない。
kanojo wa shingaku shitai ga, kazoku ga gakuhi o haraeru joukyou demo nai no de, akirame zaru o enai.
She wants to go to university, but her family is not in a position to help support her so she has no choice but to give up.
Example #5

こんかいのりょこうをたのしみにしていたが、ははがきゅうににゅういんしたので、いくのをキャンセルせざるを得ない。
konkai no ryokou o tanoshimi ni shite ita ga, haha ga kyuu ni nyuuin shita node, iku no o kyanseru sezaru o enai.
I was looking forward to this trip, but my mother was suddenly hospitalized so we had to cancel it.
Example #6

りゅうがくしたいきもちはわかるが、このびょうじょうでは、えんきせざるをえないだろう。
ryuugaku shitai kimochi wa wakaru ga, kono byoujou de wa, enki sezaru o enai darou.
I understand you want to study abroad, but with your medical condition there is no choice but to postpone.
Example #7

あしたのテストのせいせきがわるいと、りゅうねんがけっていするので、きょうはてつやでもべんきょうせざるをえない。
ashita no tesuto no seiseki ga warui to, ryuunen ga ketti suru no de, kyou wa tetsuya demo benkyou sezaru o enai.
If tomorrow's test results are bad then I will have to repeat a year, so I must study today through the night.
Example #8

こうこう3ねんせいのやく3%が、せいかつがくるしいので、だいがくしんがくをあきらめざるをえないそうです。
koukou 3 nensei no yaku 3 paasento ga, seikatsu ga kurushii no de, daigaku shingaku o akirame zaru o enai sou desu.
About 5% of senior high school students have difficult lives and apparently have no choice but to give up on college.

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