JLPT N3 Grammar (koto)

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)こと
Verb (ない form)
koto こと jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (koto). Meaning: (must) do.

This is used to make a general expression that one should or should not do something.

こと (koto) can also be used as a verb nominalizer for a completely different meaning. See N4 lesson for .

koto こと jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

oogoe o dasanai koto.
Don't speak with a loud voice.
Example #2

bangohan no mae ni dezaato o tabenai koto.
No eating dessert before dinner.
Example #3

okane o taisetsu ni suru koto.
Use your money wisely.
Example #4

yasumu toki wa, kanarazu gakkou ni renraku suru koto.
You must contact the school when you want to take a day off.
Example #5

doushitemo hitsuyou na baai igai ni wa tsukawanai koto.
It should not be used unless absolutely necessary.
Example #6

gakkou no kisoku o mamoru koto.
You must follow school rules.
Example #7

katteni jikkenshitsu ni hairanai koto.
Do not enter the laboratory without permission.
Example #8

jugyou chuu wa keitai denwa o tsukawanai koto.
You may not use cellphones during class.
Example #9

genjitsu o massugu miru koto.
You need to face reality.

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