JLPT N3 Grammar (koto)

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)こと
Verb (ない form)
koto こと jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (koto). Meaning: (must) do.

This is used to make a general expression that one should or should not do something.

こと (koto) can also be used as a verb nominalizer for a completely different meaning. See N4 lesson for .


koto こと jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

おおごえをださないこと。
oogoe o dasanai koto.
Don't speak with a loud voice.
Example #2

ばんごはんのまえにデザートをたべないこと。
bangohan no mae ni dezaato o tabenai koto.
No eating dessert before dinner.
Example #3

おかねをたいせつにすること。
okane o taisetsu ni suru koto.
Use your money wisely.
Example #4

やすむときは、かならずがっこうにれんらくすること。
yasumu toki wa, kanarazu gakkou ni renraku suru koto.
You must contact the school when you want to take a day off.
Example #5

どうしてもひつようなばあいいがいにはつかわないこと。
doushitemo hitsuyou na baai igai ni wa tsukawanai koto.
It should not be used unless absolutely necessary.
Example #6

がっこうのきそくをまもること。
gakkou no kisoku o mamoru koto.
You must follow school rules.
Example #7

かってにじっけんしつにはいらないこと。
katteni jikkenshitsu ni hairanai koto.
Do not enter the laboratory without permission.
Example #8

じゅぎょうちゅうはけいたいでんわをつかわないこと。
jugyou chuu wa keitai denwa o tsukawanai koto.
You may not use cellphones during class.
Example #9

げんじつをまっすぐみること。
genjitsu o massugu miru koto.
You need to face reality.

View all JLPT N3 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N3 grammar list

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