JLPT N3 Grammar (koto)

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)こと
Verb (ない form)
koto こと jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (koto). Meaning: (must) do.

This is used to make a general expression that one should or should not do something.

こと (koto) can also be used as a verb nominalizer for a completely different meaning. See N4 lesson for .

koto こと jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

oogoe o dasanai koto.
Don't speak with a loud voice.
Example #2

bangohan no mae ni dezaato o tabenai koto.
No eating dessert before dinner.
Example #3

okane o taisetsu ni suru koto.
Use your money wisely.
Example #4

yasumu toki wa, kanarazu gakkou ni renraku suru koto.
You must contact the school when you want to take a day off.
Example #5

doushitemo hitsuyou na baai igai ni wa tsukawanai koto.
It should not be used unless absolutely necessary.
Example #6

gakkou no kisoku o mamoru koto.
You must follow school rules.
Example #7

katteni jikkenshitsu ni hairanai koto.
Do not enter the laboratory without permission.
Example #8

jugyou chuu wa keitai denwa o tsukawanai koto.
You may not use cellphones during class.
Example #9

genjitsu o massugu miru koto.
You need to face reality.

View all JLPT N3 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N3 grammar list

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