JLPT N2 Grammar (koto ka)

How to use

Verb (casual)ことか
Noun + である
な-adjective + な
い-adjective
koto ka ことか jlpt n2 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (koto ka). Meaning: how…!; what…!

This grammar structure is usually preceded by interrogative words like

  • どんなに (donna ni).
  • どれだけ (dore dake).
  • どれほど (dore hodo).
  • 何度 (nando).
  • 何時間 (nan jikan).
  • etc..

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

なんどちゅういしたことか?
nando chuui shita koto ka?
How many times have I warned you?
Example #2

このけしきはなんときれいなことか。
kono keshiki wa nanto kirei na koto ka.
This scenery is incredibly beautiful!
Example #3

ぼくはごうかくできたら、どんなにうれしいことか。
boku wa goukaku dekitara, donnani ureshii koto ka.
If I am able to pass, I will be immeasurably happy!
Example #4

いままでなんどさけをやめようとおもったことか。
ima made nando sake o yameyou to omotta koto ka.
Until now how many times have I thought about quitting drinking?
Example #5

がくせいじだい、しょうがくきんがもらえてどれほどたすかったことか。
gakusei jidai, shougakukin ga moraete dore hodo tasukatta koto ka.
Getting a scholarship when I was a student really saved me..
Example #6

だいすきなひとにすきってつたえられることがどんなにしあわせなことか。
daisuki na hito ni suki tte tsutaerareru koto ga donna ni shiawase na koto ka.
It is such a happy feeling being able to tell the person you love that you love them.
Example #7

どれほどこのきかいをまちわびたことか。
dore hodo kono kikai o machiwabita koto ka.
I have waited too long for this chance!
Example #8

しゅっさんご、またはたらけるしょくばがないということがどんなにひどいことか。
shussango, mata hatarakeru shokuba ga nai to iu koto ga donna ni hidoi koto ka.
It is beyond horrible that after giving birth I am not able to find a place where I can work again.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
何度なんどhow many times
注意ちゅういwarn
景色けしきscenery
ぼくI; me
合格ごうかくpass exam
うれしいhappy; glad

View all JLPT N2 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N2 vocabulary list

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JLPT N2 grammar list