JLPT N3 Grammar (kurai / gurai)

Meaning

approximately; about; around; to the extent ~

How to use

Verb (casual form)くらい
ぐらい
Noun
な-adjective + な
い-adjective
kurai gurai くらい ぐらい jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (kurai / gurai). Meaning: approximately; about; around; to the extent ~;

Both of these are interchangeable and there are two main ways that they can be used:

Meaning 1) Describing an approximate amount

Approximate a certain size or amount of something. For example, how much money, how many people, how big, etc… Let’s look at a basic example:

ima wa hyaku nin kurai ga heya ni iru.

There are approximately 100 people in the room now.

Meaning 2) Assess or compare the quality/level of something

This grammar point can be used to compare two objects as being equal, for example saying that item [A] is of the same level as item [B].

Alternatively, it can also be used to say that something of a high or low / level.

Let’s look at some examples:

kanojo ga watashi to onaji kurai se ga takai n da.

My girlfriend is about the same height as me.

High level (praising) NOTE for very high level items, you should use instead.

karee ga daisuki. Mai nichi tabetai kurai da.

I love curry so much (high level) that I could eat it every day.

Low Level (disregard)

konna kantanna koto kurai, dare demo dekiru.

This task is so simple (low level), anybody could do it.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

どれくらいにほんにすんでいますか?
dore kurai nihon ni sundeimasu ka?
How long have you been living in Japan?
Example #2

どのぐらいれんしゅうしたんですか?
dono gurai renshuu shitan desu ka?
About how long did you practice?
Example #3

しけんがむずかしくて、なきたいくらいだ。
shiken ga muzukashikute, nakitai kurai da.
The test was so difficult, I felt like I wanted to cry.
Example #4

おきゃくさまはどのぐらいいますか?
okyaku sama wa dono gurai imasu ka?
About how many customers are there?
Example #5

いえからえきまでじてんしゃで20ぷんぐらいかかります。
ie kara eki made jitensha de nijuu pun gurai kakarimasu.
It takes about 20 minutes from my house to the station by bicycle.
Example #6

にほんごどれぐらいはなせますか?
nihongo dore gurai hanasemasu ka?
How much Japanese can you speak?
Example #7

どのくらいかいがいにいましたか?
dono kurai kaigai ni imashita ka?
About how long were you abroad?
Example #8

きょうくらいはかぞくとすごそう。
kyou kurai wa kazoku to sugosou.
Let's at least spend today together as a family.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
部屋へやroom
彼女かのじょgirlfriend
height
毎日まいにちevery day
簡単なかんたんなeasy
誰でもだれでもanyone
お客様おきゃくさまCustomer(s)
試験しけんExam
難しいむずかしいdifficult
泣きたいなきたいwant to cry
練習れんしゅうpractice
いえhome
えきstation
自転車じてんしゃbicycle
海外かいがいabroad
住むすむto live
家族かぞくfamily
過ごすすごすto spend

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JLPT N3 vocabulary list

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