JLPT N5 Grammar (ga)

How to use

Usage 1: subject marker
subject + が
Usage 2: however; but
Sentence 1 + が + Sentence 2
ga particle が jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (ga). Meaning: the particle が has two main meanings, one as a subject marker particle, and the other as however; but.

Meaning 1) が – Subject Marker

 is used to mark a subject in a sentence. It is very similar to the particle .

  • 好きです。
  • inu suki desu.
  • I like . (subject is dogs)

See examples 1~5

Meaning 2) が – However; but

When placed in between two sentences, が can also mean “however” or “but”.

  • 私は犬が好きですお母さんは好きじゃな。
  • watashi wa inu ga suki desu okaasan wa suki janai.
  • I like dogs my mom does not.

See examples 6~9


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

あしたはあめがふる。
ashita wa ame ga furu.
It is going to rain tomorrow.
Example #2

しかたがない。
shikata ga nai.
It cannot be helped. (a common expression in Japanese)
Example #3

コンビニがちかくにあります。
konbini ga chikaku ni arimasu.
There is a convenience store nearby.
Example #4

かれはしゃっきんがある。
kare wa shakkin ga aru.
He is in debt.
Example #5

きょうは、やることがたくさんある。
kyou wa, yaru koto ga takusan aru.
There are a lot of things to do today.
Example #6

かれはかねはあるが、ばかなおとこだ。
kare wa kane wa aru ga, baka na otoko da.
He has money, but he's a stupid man.
Example #7

わたしはにほんごをはなすことはできますが、よむことはできません。
watashi wa nihongo o hanasu koto wa dekimasu ga, yomu koto wa dekimasen.
I can speak Japanese, but I am not able to read it.
Example #8

このカメラをかいたいですがおかねがない。
kono kamera o kaitai desu ga okane ga nai.
I want to buy this camera, but I have no money..
Example #9

おそれいれますが、ほんじつはまんせきです。
osore irimasu ga, honjitsu wa manseki desu.
I deeply apologize, but today we have no more seats available. (we are fully booked)

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
いぬdog(s)
好きすきto like
お母さんおかあさんmother
明日あしたtomorrow
雨が降るあめがふるto rain
仕方しかたmethod; means
近いちかいnearby
かれhe; him
借金しゃっきんdebt
今日きょうtoday
沢山たくさんa lot
馬鹿ばかstupid; foolish
おとこman
日本語にほんごJapanese language
話すはなすto speak
読むよむto read
出来るできるto be able to
買うかうto buy
恐れ入れますおそれいれますI beg your pardon
本日ほんじつtoday
満席まんせきfully booked; no seats available

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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