JLPT N5 Grammar (ga)

How to use

Usage 1: subject marker
subject + が
Usage 2: however; but
Sentence 1 + が + Sentence 2
ga particle が jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (ga). Meaning: the particle が has two main meanings, one as a subject marker particle, and the other as however; but.

Meaning 1) が – Subject Marker

 is used to mark a subject in a sentence. It is very similar to the particle .

  • 好きです。
  • inu suki desu.
  • I like . (subject is dogs)

See examples 1~5

Meaning 2) が – However; but

When placed in between two sentences, が can also mean “however” or “but”.

  • 私は犬が好きですお母さんは好きじゃない。
  • watashi wa inu ga suki desu okaasan wa suki janai.
  • I like dogs my mom does not.

See examples 6~9

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

ashita wa ame ga furu.
It is going to rain tomorrow.
Example #2

shikata ga nai.
It cannot be helped. (a common expression in Japanese)
Example #3

konbini ga chikaku ni arimasu.
There is a convenience store nearby.
Example #4

kare wa shakkin ga aru.
He is in debt.
Example #5

kyou wa, yaru koto ga takusan aru.
There are a lot of things to do today.
Example #6

kare wa kane wa aru ga, baka na otoko da.
He has money, but he's a stupid man.
Example #7

watashi wa nihongo o hanasu koto wa dekimasu ga, yomu koto wa dekimasen.
I can speak Japanese, but I am not able to read it.
Example #8

kono kamera o kaitai desu ga okane ga nai.
I want to buy this camera, but I have no money..
Example #9

osore irimasu ga, honjitsu wa manseki desu.
I deeply apologize, but today we have no more seats available. (we are fully booked)

Vocabulary List

好きすきto like
雨が降るあめがふるto rain
仕方しかたmethod; means
かれhe; him
沢山たくさんa lot
馬鹿ばかstupid; foolish
日本語にほんごJapanese language
話すはなすto speak
読むよむto read
出来るできるto be able to
買うかうto buy
恐れ入れますおそれいれますI beg your pardon
満席まんせきfully booked; no seats available

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JLPT N5 vocabulary list

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