JLPT N5 Grammar (ga imasu)


there is; to be; is (living things)

How to use

Nounがいる / がいます
がいた / がいました
がいない / がいません
がいなかった / がいませんでした
ga imasu がいます jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (ga imasu) & (ga iru). Meaning: used to say there is or something is for LIVING things.

The verb いる (iru) comes from 居る (iru), which is the verb for to be (for living things). However, when used in this grammar form, the hiragana form is used instead of the kanji form.

  • This form can only be used with living things.
  • For non-living things, use instead.
  • The が is changed to a に/は for places.
  • Can also mean to have or not have.

Let’s look at some basic examples.

Example A) to be がいます (ga imasu)

  • シャワーには誰か
  • shawaa ni wa dareka ga imasu.
  • Someone is in the shower.

Example B) place にいます (ni imasu )

  • 今どこか?
  • ima doko ni imasu ka?
  • Where are you now?

Example C) to have がいます (ga imasu)

  • 子どもか?
  • kodomo ga imasu ka?
  • Do you have any children?

Example D) negative がいません (ga imasen)

  • いいえ、子ども
  • iie, kodomo ga imasen.
  • No, I do not have any children.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

teeburu no shita ni neko ga iru.
There is a cat below the table.
Example #2

anata wa kareshi ga iru no?
Do you have a boyfriend?
Example #3

watashi ni wa kyoudai ga inai nda.
I don't have any siblings.
Example #4

otouto hitori imouto hitori ga imasu.
I have one younger brother and one younger sister.
Example #5

sono heya ni inu ga iru.
There is a dog in that room.
Example #6

ima gakkou ni daremo imasen.
There is no one at school right now.
Example #7

toukyou eki ni kankousha ga ippai iru.
There are a lot of tourists in Tokyo station.

Vocabulary List

わたしI; me
東京駅とうきょうえきTokyo station
いっぱいa lot
お父さんおとうさんfather; dad

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

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