JLPT N5 Grammar (ga arimasu)

Meaning

there is; is (non-living things)

How to use

Nounがある / があります
があった / がありました
がない / がありません
がなかった / がありませんでした
ga arimasu があります jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (ga arimasu) & (ga aru). Meaning: used to say there is or something is for NON-LIVING things.

  • This form can only be used with non-living things.
  • For living things, use instead.
  • The が is changed to a に/は for places.
  • Can also mean to have or not have.

Example A) basic があります (ga arimasu)

  • たくさんの宿題
  • takusan no shukudai ga arimasu.
  • I have (there is) a lot of homework.

Example B) place にあります (ni arimasu)

  • カバンがテーブルの上
  • kaban ga teeburu no ue ni aru.
  • Your bag is on the table.

Example C) asking a question

  • 言いたいことか?
  • iitai koto ga arimasuka?
  • Is there something you’d like to say?

Example D) Negative – is not / not have がありません (ga arimasen) / がない (ga nai)

  • お金んだ。
  • okane ga nai nda.
  • I have no (there is no) money.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

にんきがある。
ninki ga aru.
to be popular.
Example #2

せんげつおかねがぜんぜんなかった。
sengetsu okane ga zenzen nakatta.
Last month I had no money.
Example #3

へやにてれびがあります。
heya ni terebi ga arimasu.
I have a TV in my room.
Example #4

にほんのすきじゃないところはあります。
nihon no suki janai tokoro ha arimasu.
There are some things I don't like about Japan.
Example #5

このマンションにはへやがみつあります。
kono manshon niwa heya ga mitsu arimasu.
There are three rooms in this apartment.
Example #6

かれはかねがあるからしんしゃがかえる。
kare wa kane ga aru kara shinsha ga kaeru.
He has money so he can buy a new car.
Example #7

こんやようじがあるからいけない。
konya youji ga aru kara ikenai.
I have things to do tonight so I can't go.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
沢山たくさんa lot
宿題しゅくだいhomework
かばんbag
テーブルてーぶるtable
の上のうえabove
言いたいいいたいto want to say
お金おかねmoney
人気にんきpopular
先月せんげつlast month
全然ぜんぜんnot at all
部屋へやroom
日本にほんJapan
好きじゃないすきじゃないdo not like
マンションまんしょんapartment
部屋へやroom
三つみつthree
かれhe
新車しんしゃnew car
買えるかえるable to buy
今夜こんやtonight
用事ようじthings to do; errands
行けるいけるto be able to go

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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