JLPT N5 Grammar (ga arimasu)


there is; is (non-living things)

How to use

Nounがある / があります
があった / がありました
がない / がありません
がなかった / がありませんでした
ga arimasu があります jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (ga arimasu) & (ga aru). Meaning: used to say there is or something is for NON-LIVING things.

  • This form can only be used with non-living things.
  • For living things, use instead.
  • The が is changed to a に/は for places.
  • Can also mean to have or not have.

Example A) basic があります (ga arimasu)

  • たくさんの宿題
  • takusan no shukudai ga arimasu.
  • I have (there is) a lot of homework.

Example B) place にあります (ni arimasu)

  • カバンがテーブルの上
  • kaban ga teeburu no ue ni aru.
  • Your bag is on the table.

Example C) asking a question

  • 言いたいことか?
  • iitai koto ga arimasuka?
  • Is there something you’d like to say?

Example D) Negative – is not / not have がありません (ga arimasen) / がない (ga nai)

  • お金んだ。
  • okane ga nai nda.
  • I have no (there is no) money.

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

ninki ga aru.
to be popular.
Example #2

sengetsu okane ga zenzen nakatta.
Last month I had no money.
Example #3

heya ni terebi ga arimasu.
I have a TV in my room.
Example #4

nihon no suki janai tokoro ha arimasu.
There are some things I don't like about Japan.
Example #5

kono manshon niwa heya ga mitsu arimasu.
There are three rooms in this apartment.
Example #6

kare wa kane ga aru kara shinsha ga kaeru.
He has money so he can buy a new car.
Example #7

konya youji ga aru kara ikenai.
I have things to do tonight so I can't go.

Vocabulary List

沢山たくさんa lot
言いたいいいたいto want to say
先月せんげつlast month
全然ぜんぜんnot at all
好きじゃないすきじゃないdo not like
新車しんしゃnew car
買えるかえるable to buy
用事ようじthings to do; errands
行けるいけるto be able to go

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JLPT N5 vocabulary list

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