JLPT N5 Grammar (ka)

How to use

end of sentence
ka か particle jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Grammar Notes:

Learn Japanese grammar: (ka). Meaning:  is a sentence-ending particle used to turn a sentence into a question. It’s easy to think of it like a question mark (which often is not used in Japanese).

Let’s start with a basic example sentence.

  • 日本人です。
  • nihonjin desu.
  • I am Japanese.

Now by adding か we can turn this into a question:

  • 日本人です
  • nihon jin desu .
  • Are you Japanese

か can also mean “or”, see lesson for .


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

なんですか?
nan desu ka?
What?
Example #2

すみません、あなたもがくせいですか。
sumimasen, anata mo gakusei desu ka.
Excuse me, are you also a student?
Example #3

あなたのなまえはなんですか。
anata no namae wa nandesu ka.
What is your name?
Example #4

げんきですか。
genki desu ka.
How are you?
Example #5

かれはなんさいですか。
kare wa nansai desu ka.
How old is he?
Example #6

だいじょうぶですか?
daijoubu desu ka?
Are you alright?
Example #7

わたしとおひるごはんをたべませんか?
watashi to ohiru gohan wo tabemasen ka?
Would you like to have lunch with me?
Example #8

どうしてこのことをしらないのか?
doushite kono koto wo shiranai no ka?
Why don't you know about this?

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
日本人にほんじんJapanese person
なにwhat
学生がくせいstudent
あなたのyour
名前なまえname
元気げんきenergetic; doing good
かれhe
さいage (years)
大丈夫だいじょうぶOK
わたしI; me
昼ご飯ひるごはんlunch
食べるたべるto eat
知らないしらないto not know

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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