JLPT N5 Grammar (ka)

How to use

end of sentence
ka か particle jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Grammar Notes:

Learn Japanese grammar: (ka). Meaning:  is a sentence-ending particle used to turn a sentence into a question. It’s easy to think of it like a question mark (which often is not used in Japanese).

Let’s start with a basic example sentence.

  • 日本人です。
  • nihonjin desu.
  • I am Japanese.

Now by adding か we can turn this into a question:

  • 日本人です
  • nihon jin desu .
  • Are you Japanese

か can also mean “or”, see lesson for .

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

nan desu ka?
Example #2

sumimasen, anata mo gakusei desu ka.
Excuse me, are you also a student?
Example #3

anata no namae wa nandesu ka.
What is your name?
Example #4

genki desu ka.
How are you?
Example #5

kare wa nansai desu ka.
How old is he?
Example #6

daijoubu desu ka?
Are you alright?
Example #7

watashi to ohiru gohan wo tabemasen ka?
Would you like to have lunch with me?
Example #8

doushite kono koto wo shiranai no ka?
Why don't you know about this?

Vocabulary List

日本人にほんじんJapanese person
元気げんきenergetic; doing good
さいage (years)
わたしI; me
食べるたべるto eat
知らないしらないto not know

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 Study Guide

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