JLPT N5 Grammar (ka~ka)

How to use

Verb
い-adjective
な-adjective
Noun
ka~ka か~か particle jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Grammar Notes:

Learn Japanese grammar: (ka~ka). Meaning: the particle is used to say “or”. It is used when trying to decide between 2 or more choices.

  • よい悪いわかりません。
  • yoi warui wakarimasen.
  • I’m not sure if this is good bad.

か can also be used as a question marker. See lesson

Let’s practice with some more example sentences!

Also be sure check out all of the related grammar for this lesson.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

あしたはあめかどうかわからない。
ashita wa ame ka dou ka wakaranai.
I'm not sure if it will rain or not tomorrow.
Example #2

おちゃかコーヒーがのみたい。
ocha ka koohii ga nomitai.
I would like to drink tea or coffee.
Example #3

あたるかはずれるか。
ataru ka hazureru ka.
Hit or miss.
Example #4

やるかやらないかはやくきめてください。
yaru ka yaranai ka hayaku kimete kudasai.
Please hurry up and decide if you are going to do it or not.
Example #5

らいしゅうのげつようびかかようびにきょうとにいきます。
raishuu no getsuyoubi ka kayoubi ni kyouto ni ikimasu.
I'm going to Kyoto next Monday or Tuesday.
Example #6

しぬかいきるか。
shinu ka ikiru ka.
Live or die.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
良いよいgood
悪いわるいbad
分かりませんわかりませんto not know
明日あしたtomorrow
あめrain
お茶おちゃtea
飲むのむto drink
当たるあたるto hit target
外れるはずれるto miss target
早いはやいfast; early
決めるきめるto decide
来週らいしゅうnext week
月曜日げつようびMonday
火曜日かようびTuesday
京都きょうとKyoto
死ぬしぬto die
生きるいきるto live

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

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