JLPT Grammar List

Let’s Study Some Japanese Grammar!

Get ready to rack your brains and study some Japanese grammar! Each lesson is ranked according to appropriate JLPT grammar level and includes meaning/translation notes, grammar structure, conjugations, example sentences, and interactive aids. Good luck on your journey to study Japanese!

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Japanese grammar list for all JLPT levels

# English Japanese Grammar Meaning Level Stars
1ato deafter; laterN41
2bakari kanot only, but also.N312
3beki dewa naishould not do; must not doN31
4beki; bekidashould do; must doN34
5da / desuto be (am, is, are, were, used to)N51
6dakeonly; just; as much asN50
7darouI think; it seems; probably; right?N50
8deshouI think; it seems; probably; right?N50
9furi o suruto pretend; to act as ifN34
10ga aruthere is; is (non-living things)N50
11ga iruthere is; is (living things)N50
12gachitend toN23
13garipersonality; tend to~; sensitivity towards~N42
14garu; gatteiruto show signs of; to appear; to feel, to thinkN43
15geseeming; giving the appearance ofN21
16gimi-like; -looking; -looked; tending toN23
17hazu dait must be; it should be (expectation)N44
18hazu ga naicannot be (impossible)N41
19hitsuyou ga aruneed to; it is necessary toN40
20hododegree; extent; bounds; upper limitN34
21hoshiiWanted; in need of; desired.N31
22janai / dewa naito not be (am not; is not; are not)N50
23karabecause; since; fromN50
24kawari niInstead of; in exchange for; in returnN31
25kiriOnly; justN33
26kke~?; recalling information; asking for confirmationN32
27koso arealthough; even thoughN11
28koso ga/keredobut; although (emphasis)N12
29koso surepart [B] of sentence is definitely not (strong emphasis)N11
30koto dashould; should notN34
31koto kaemphasis; a lotN33
32koto wa naiNo need to [X]N34
33kurai / guraiapproximately; about; around; to the extentN36
34kuse niAlthough; despite; even thoughN32
35madashimowould be better / acceptableN22
36mamaCurrent condition; stateN32
37monused when giving a reason.N34
38monobecause; explanation/justificationN21
39mono dadescribe feeling; express memories; state factN35
40monodakaraso; therefore (explaining something unavoidable)N22
41mononaraIf [x..] is possible, then [y..]N21
42mononobut; althoughN21
43moraitaito express desire/want for somethingN32
44naide kudasaiplease don't doN50
45nanka; nante; nadoExpresses an emphasis of an unexpected feeling or a negative feeling. Usually followed by more negative words.N31
47ndatteI hear that (using quote)N33
48ni kawatteinstead of; replacing; on behalf ofN33
49ni totteto; for; concerning;N32
50nuki ni shite/nuki dewithout; leaving outN20
51okageExpresses a good result for the speaker, usually also expressing thanks or gratitude.N31
52ppanashiLeaving something in an improper state; leaving something on; leaving something still in use;N31
54sai niAt the time of; in the case of.N23
55saichuu niIn the middle of, interrupting.N31
56sei; seide; seikaPlaces blame to something/someone else.N31
57shikanaiHave no choice but toN32
58sono kekkaAs a result ofN31
59sono tamehence; for that reasonN31
60tabi niEach time; every time; whenever (something happens).N33
61tagaruwant to do~ (third person)N40
62taiwant to do somethingN50
63te aruis/has been done (resulting state)N50
64te hajimetenot until; only after [x] did IN30
65te iruongoing action or current stateN51
66te kosonot until, only afterN11
67te kudasaiplease doN50
68te shou ga nai/te shikata ga naican't help but~; very; extremelyN20
69te tamaranaican't help but do; dying to do; extremelyN20
70to iebaSpeaking ofN30
71to iuIt is said; called thusN31
72to iu koto daI heard; It means that; It seems thatN31
73to iutoSpeaking of; when you talk of; when you say..N30
74tooriAs described by (this), (B)N36
75totanjust as; in the act of; simultaneous actionN33
76tsuide niTaking the opportunity while doing something; incidentally.N33
77tsumariIn other words; in summary; in shortN32
78tsumoriplan to ~; intend to ~N50
79tsumori dattaWas planning toN32
80wa mochironnot to mention; not only; but alsoN32
81wa moto yorialso; let aloneN22
82wa tomokakuanyhow; in any case; whether or not; generally speakingN20
83wari niIn comparison. (expresses an unexpected feeling)N32

83 JLPT Grammar Lessons and counting...

Please note that this is not a cumulative list of every grammar concept that appears on the JLPT, and I am working to add new content each day. If you see anything that you think should be added, please contact me or leave a comment down below.

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