JLPT Grammar List

Let’s Study Some Japanese Grammar!

Get ready to rack your brains and study some Japanese grammar! Each lesson is ranked according to appropriate JLPT grammar level and includes meaning/translation notes, grammar structure, conjugations, example sentences, and interactive aids. Good luck on your journey to study Japanese!

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Japanese grammar list for all JLPT levels

# English Japanese Grammar Meaning Level Stars
1ato deafter; laterN41
2bakari kanot only, but also.N322
3beki dewa naishould not do; must not doN35
4beki; bekidashould do; must doN36
5da / desuto be (am, is, are, were, used to)N51
6dakeonly; just; as much asN50
7darouI think; it seems; probably; right?N52
8deshouI think; it seems; probably; right?N51
9furi o suruto pretend; to act as ifN34
10ga aruthere is; is (non-living things)N51
11ga iruthere is; is (living things)N50
12gachitend toN24
13garipersonality; tend to~; sensitivity towards~N43
14garu; gatteiruto show signs of; to appear; to feel, to thinkN44
15geseeming; giving the appearance ofN23
16gimi-like; -looking; -looked; tending toN23
17hazu dait must be; it should be (expectation)N45
18hazu ga naicannot be (impossible)N41
19hitsuyou ga aruneed to; it is necessary toN42
20hododegree; extent; bounds; upper limitN38
21hoshiiWanted; in need of; desired.N31
22janai / dewa naito not be (am not; is not; are not)N51
23karabecause; since; fromN50
24kawari niInstead of; in exchange for; in returnN32
25kiriOnly; justN34
26kke~?; recalling information; asking for confirmationN32
27koso arealthough; even thoughN12
28koso ga/keredobut; although (emphasis)N12
29koso surepart [B] of sentence is definitely not (strong emphasis)N11
30koto dashould; should notN36
31koto dakarabecause; sinceN20
32koto kaemphasis; a lotN34
33koto nashi niwithout doing; unlessN10
34koto ni naruIt has been decided that..; it turns out that..N30
35koto ni suruto decide onN30
36koto no nai you niso as not to; to notN10
37koto wa naiNo need to [X]N35
38kurai / guraiapproximately; about; around; to the extentN37
39kurai nararather than...N10
40kurai no mono daonlyN10
41kuse niAlthough; despite; even thoughN35
42madashimowould be better / acceptableN24
43mamaCurrent condition; stateN34
44monused when giving a reason.N38
45monobecause; explanation/justificationN21
46mono dadescribe feeling; express memories; state factN36
47monodakaraso; therefore (explaining something unavoidable)N22
48mononaraIf [x..] is possible, then [y..]N21
49mononobut; althoughN21
50mono to suruoften used in legal documents to express rules or conditionsN10
51mono toshiteto assume; to supposeN10
52moraitaito express desire/want for somethingN34
53naide kudasaiplease don't doN50
54nanka; nante; nadoExpresses an emphasis of an unexpected feeling or a negative feeling. Usually followed by more negative words.N34
55nazenarabecauseN34
56ndatteI hear that (using quote)N34
57ni iwaserebaif you ask...; if one may say...N11
58ni kawatteinstead of; replacing; on behalf ofN33
59ni totteto; for; concerning;N32
60nuki ni shite/nuki dewithout; leaving outN21
61okageExpresses a good result for the speaker, usually also expressing thanks or gratitude.N32
62ppanashiLeaving something in an improper state; leaving something on; leaving something still in use;N32
63ppoi-likeN22
64rareruable to do something / passive voiceN40
65sai niAt the time of; in the case of.N24
66saichuu niIn the middle of, interrupting.N31
67saserareruto be made to do something (passive causative)N40
68saseruto make/let somebody do somethingN40
69sei; seide; seikaPlaces blame to something/someone else.N33
70shikanaiHave no choice but toN32
71sono kekkaAs a result ofN31
72sono tamehence; for that reasonN31
73ta koto ni shiteexpresses a decision or news that does not reflect the truthN10
74tabi niEach time; every time; whenever (something happens).N33
75tagaruwant to do~ (third person)N41
76taiwant to do somethingN50
77te aruis/has been done (resulting state)N50
78te hajimetenot until; only after [x] did IN30
79te iruongoing action or current stateN51
80te kosonot until, only afterN11
81te kudasaiplease doN50
82te shou ga nai/te shikata ga naican't help but~; very; extremelyN22
83te tamaranaican't help but do; dying to do; extremelyN20
84to iebaSpeaking ofN30
85to iuIt is said; called thusN33
86to iu koto daI heard; It means that; It seems thatN31
87to iutoSpeaking of; when you talk of; when you say..N30
88to mieteit seems thatN40
89to mirareruregarded as; appears/expected to..N10
90to miru toupon realizingN10
91to sareruis considered to..N10
92tokoro woalthough/despite a certain time/situationN10
93tooriAs described by (this), (B)N36
94totanjust as; in the act of; simultaneous actionN33
95tsuide niTaking the opportunity while doing something; incidentally.N33
96tsumariIn other words; in summary; in shortN32
97tsumoriplan to ~; intend to ~N50
98tsumori dattaWas planning toN32
99wa mochironnot to mention; not only; but alsoN34
100wa moto yorialso; let aloneN23
101wa tomokakuanyhow; in any case; whether or not; generally speakingN21
102wari niIn comparison. (expresses an unexpected feeling)N33
103you daappears / seems / looks as ifN40
104you ni/you nalike; as; similar toN41

104 JLPT Grammar Lessons and counting...

Please note that this is not a cumulative list of every grammar concept that appears on the JLPT, and I am working to add new content each day. If you see anything that you think should be added, please contact me or leave a comment down below.

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