Learn JLPT N4 Grammar (hitsuyou ga aru)


need to; it is necessary to

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)必要がある

Learn Japanese grammar: 【ひつようがある】(hitsuyou ga aru). Meaning: that one needs to do something; that it is necessary to do something.

必要 (hitsuyou) means necessary/necessity and means there is, so it literally translates to there is a necessity to…

Example A) Need to (hitsuyou ga aru)

watashi wa motto benkyou suru hitsuyou ga aru.

I need to study more.

Example B) Do not need to (hitsuyou ga nai)

kyou wa jimusho ni iku hitsuyou ga nai.

There is no need to go into the office today.

Example C) More polite

To be more polite, you can use (hitsuyou ga arimasu) and (hitsuyou ga arimasen) instead.

watashi wa daijoubu desu yo. anata ni wa nanimo suru hitsuyou ga arimasen.

I’m fine. There’s no need for you to do anything.

JLPT grammar 必要がある (hitsuyou ga aru)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

karera wa yasumu hitsuyou ga aru.
They need to rest.
Example #2

motto benkyou suru hitsuyou ga aru.
I need to study more.
Example #3

watashi no otouto wa kyou gakkou ni iku hitsuyou ga nai.
My younger brother doesn't need to go to school today.
Example #4

ore ni wa mou hitsuyou ga nai.
I have no need for this anymore.
Example #5

nande sonna koto o suru hitsuyou ga aru n desu ka?
Why is it necessary to do that?
Example #6

isha wa kare ni tabako o yameru hitsuyou ga aru to itta.
The doctor told him that he needs to quit smoking.
Example #7

mazu, heya o souju suru hitsuyou ga aru.
First, we need to clean this room.
Example #8

watashi wa wazawaza mise ni made kai ni iku hitsuyou ga nai.
I don't need to go out of my way to go and buy it at the store.

Vocabulary List

必要ひつようnecessary; necessity
大丈夫だいじょうぶalright; OK
おれI; me
かれhe; him
タバコたばこsmoking; cigarettes
やめるto quit
言ういうto say

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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