Learn JLPT N4 Grammar (ato de)

How to use

Verb (casual past)
Vた
後で
あとで
Noun + の

Learn Japanese grammar: (ato de). Meaning: after ~; later.

Grammar Notes:

  • This grammar is used after a verb or noun to express something that was done (or takes place) after that action or event.
  • Sometimes the で can be omitted to just be .
  • To say something happens before instead, use .
  • Be sure to check out other similar grammar in our related grammar section.
JLPT grammar 後で (ato de)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

ばんごはんのあと
bangohan no ato de aisu o tabeta
After dinner, I had some ice cream.
Example #2

昼ご飯を食べた。そのすぐあと
hiru gohan o tabeta ato de, sanjuu pun hodo hirune o shita.
After eating dinner, I took a nap for about a half hour.
Example #3

じゅぎょうがおわった。そのすぐあと
jugyou ga owatta ato de, bukatsu ni iku.
After classes finish, I will go to my club activities.
Example #4

お酒をのんだ。そのすぐあと
osake o nonda ato de, unten shitewa dame desu yo.
Driving after drinking is not permitted.
Example #5

だいがくをそつぎょうした。そのすぐあと
daigaku o sotsugyou shita ato de, hontou no shakaijin ni narimashita.
After graduating from university, I became a true member of society.
Example #6

しゅくだいのあとで、ともだちとあそびにいきます。
shukudai no ato de, tomodachi to asobi ni ikimasu.
After finishing my homework, I'm going out with my friend.
Example #7

しごとのあとで、のみかいがあります。
shigoto no ato de, nomikai ga arimasu.
People are going out for drinks after work tonight!

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
晩ごはんばんごはんdinner
アイスあいすice cream
食べるたべるto eat
昼ごはんひるごはんlunch
ほどabout
昼寝ひるねnap
授業じゅぎょうclass
終わるおわるto finish; to end
部活ぶかつclub activities
行くいくto go
お酒おさけalcohol
飲むのむto drink
運転うんてんto drive; operate (car)
ダメだめagainst the rules; bad
大学だいがくuniversity; college
卒業そつぎょうgraduate
本当ほんとうtrue; real
社会人しゃかいじんmember of society
なりますto become
宿題しゅくだいhomework
友達ともだちfriend
遊ぶあそぶto play
飲み会のみかいdrinking party; drinks

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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