JLPT N5 Grammar (mae ni)

Meaning

before ~; in front of ~

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)前に
まえに
Noun + の
mae ni 前に jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【まえに】 (mae ni). Meaning: before ~; in front of ~.

  • This grammar can be used mainly for 2 situations.
    • To say something happened before [X]. (time)
    • To say something happened in front of [X]. (space / position)

To say something happens after instead, use .


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

ドアをあけるまえにノックぐらいしてください。
doa o akeru mae ni nokku gurai shite kudasai.
Before opening the door, please at least knock first.
Example #2

こんびにのまえにじいてんしゃがたくさんあります。
konbini no mae ni jitensha ga takusan arimasu.
There are many bicycles in front of the convenience store.
Example #3

りょこうのまえにきっぷをかっておきます。
ryokou no mae ni kippu o katte okimasu.
I will buy the tickets before the trip.
Example #4

ごはんのまえにてをあらいましょう。
gohan no mae ni te o araimashou.
let's make sure to wash our hands before eating.
Example #5

てすとのまえにいっしょうけんめいべんきょうしました。
tesuto no mae ni isshokenmei benkyou shimashita.
I studied like crazy before the test.
Example #6

だいがくをそつぎょうするまえにりゅうがくしたいな。
daigaku o sotsugyou suru mae ni ryuugaku shitai na.
I really want to study abroad sometime before I graduate university.
Example #7

23じまえにねなければなりません。
23 ji mae ni nenakereba narimasen.
I need to go to bed before 11pm.
Example #8

ねるまえに、はみがきをわすれないでね。
neru mae ni, hamigaki o wasurenai de ne.
Don't forget to brush your teeth before you go to bed.
Example #9

しあいのまえにまだいっしゅうかんがあるのでもっとれんしゅうしょう。
shiai no mae ni mada isshukan ga aru node motto renshuu shiyou.
We still have a week to go before the game so let's practice some more.
Example #10

わたしたちのがっこうのまえにはうつくしいこうえんがあります。
watashi tachi no gakkou no mae ni wa utsukushii kouen ga arimasu.
There is a beautiful park in front of our school.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
開けるあけるto open (a door, etc.); to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package); to unlock
まえprevious; before; in front; ago
自転車じてんしゃbicycle
旅行りょこうtravel; trip; journey; excursion; tour
ご飯ごはんcooked rice, meal
大学だいがくuniversity; college
寝るねるto sleep; to go to bed; to lie down
学校がっこうschool
ドアdoor
ノックknock
歯磨きはみがきbrushing one's teeth
忘れるわすれるto forget
止まるとまるis stopped
手を洗うてをあらうto wash hands
一所懸命いっしょけんめいto go all out; to do one's absolute best
勉強べんきょうstudy
卒業そつぎょうto graduate
留学りゅうがくstudy abroad

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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