JLPT N5 Grammar (mae ni)


before; in front of~

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)前に
Noun + の
mae ni 前に jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【まえに】 (mae ni). Meaning: before; in front of ~.

  • This grammar can be used mainly for 2 situations.
    • To say something happened before [X]. (time)
    • To say something happened in front of [X]. (space / position)

To say something happens after instead, use .

mae ni 前に jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 learn japanese flashcards

Click the image to download the flashcard.
Download all N5 grammar flashcards.

JLPT Grammar E-Book Download

Download our complete
JLPT N5 Grammar Master E-book.

become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

doa o akeru mae ni nokku gurai shite kudasai.
Before opening the door, please at least knock first.
Example #2

konbini no mae ni jitensha ga takusan arimasu.
There are many bicycles in front of the convenience store.
Example #3

ryokou no mae ni kippu o katte okimasu.
I will buy the tickets before the trip.
Example #4

gohan no mae ni te o araimashou.
let's make sure to wash our hands before eating.
Example #5

tesuto no mae ni isshokenmei benkyou shimashita.
I studied like crazy before the test.
Example #6

daigaku o sotsugyou suru mae ni ryuugaku shitai na.
I really want to study abroad sometime before I graduate university.
Example #7

23 ji mae ni nenakereba narimasen.
I need to go to bed before 11pm.
Example #8

neru mae ni, hamigaki o wasurenai de ne.
Don't forget to brush your teeth before you go to bed.
Example #9

shiai no mae ni mada isshukan ga aru node motto renshuu shiyou.
We still have a week to go before the game so let's practice some more.
Example #10

watashi tachi no gakkou no mae ni wa utsukushii kouen ga arimasu.
There is a beautiful park in front of our school.

Vocabulary List

開けるあけるto open (a door, etc.); to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package); to unlock
まえprevious; before; in front; ago
旅行りょこうtravel; trip; journey; excursion; tour
ご飯ごはんcooked rice, meal
大学だいがくuniversity; college
寝るねるto sleep; to go to bed; to lie down
歯磨きはみがきbrushing one's teeth
忘れるわすれるto forget
止まるとまるis stopped
手を洗うてをあらうto wash hands
一所懸命いっしょけんめいto go all out; to do one's absolute best
卒業そつぎょうto graduate
留学りゅうがくstudy abroad

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N5 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N5

This book covers everything you need to pass the JLPT N5 in just 6 weeks! (Kanji, Vocabulary, Grammar, Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension)
See price on Amazon

GENKI I: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

This is the best all around book for beginners learning Japanese in English. I used this in my first year studying Japanese. I found it to be far better and easier to use than the many other books I was using.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N5 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N5. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N5 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test (NEW 2018)

This is the new version of the official JLPT N5 practice test. If you've already taken the old practice test, this is a good option to practice with some different questions.
See price on Amazon