Learn JLPT N5 Grammar (mae ni)

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)前に
まえに
Noun + の
mae ni 前に jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【まえに】 (mae ni). Meaning: before ~; in front of ~.

  • This grammar can be used mainly for 2 situations.
    • To say something happened before [X]. (time)
    • To say something happened in front of [X]. (space / position)

To say something happens after instead, use .

mae ni 前に jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 learn japanese flashcards

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

ドアをあけるまえにノックぐらいしてください。
doa o akeru mae ni nokku gurai shite kudasai.
Before opening the door, please at least knock first.
Example #2

こんびにのまえにじいてんしゃがたくさんあります。
konbini no mae ni jitensha ga takusan arimasu.
There are many bicycles in front of the convenience store.
Example #3

りょこうのまえにきっぷをかっておきます。
ryokou no mae ni kippu o katte okimasu.
I will buy the tickets before the trip.
Example #4

じゅぎょうのまえに、いつもといれにいきます。
jugyou no mae ni, itsumo toire ni ikimasu.
I always go to the restroom before class.
Example #5

ごはんのまえにてをあらいましょう。
gohan no mae ni te o araimashou.
let's make sure to wash our hands before eating.
Example #6

てすとのまえにいっしょうけんめいべんきょうしました。
tesuto no mae ni isshokenmei benkyou shimashita.
I studied like crazy before the test.
Example #7

だいがくをそつぎょうするまえにりゅうがくしたいな。
daigaku o sotsugyou suru mae ni ryuugaku shitai na.
I really want to study abroad sometime before I graduate university.
Example #8

23じまえにねなければなりません。
23 ji mae ni nenakereba narimasen.
I need to go to bed before 11pm.
Example #9

ねるまえに、はみがきをわすれないでね。
neru mae ni, hamigaki o wasurenai de ne.
Don't forget to brush your teeth before you go to bed.
Example #10

しあいのまえにまだいっしゅうかんがあるのでもっとれんしゅうしょう。
shiai no mae ni mada isshukan ga aru node motto renshuu shiyou.
We still have a week to go before the game so let's practice some more.
Example #11

わたしたちのがっこうのまえにはうつくしいこうえんがあります。
watashi tachi no gakkou no mae ni wa utsukushii kouen ga arimasu.
There is a beautiful park in front of our school.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
授業じゅぎょうclass
トイレrestroom; toilet
行くいくto go
ドアdoor
開けるあけるto open
ノックknock
寝るねるto sleep
歯磨きはみがきbrushing one's teeth
忘れるわすれるto forget
自転車じてんしゃbicycle
止まるとまるis stopped
ご飯ごはんmeal; rice
手を洗うてをあらうto wash hands
一所懸命いっしょけんめいto go all out; to do one's absolute best
勉強べんきょうstudy
大学だいがくuniversity
卒業そつぎょうto graduate
留学りゅうがくstudy abroad

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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