JLPT N5 Grammar (mae ni)


before; in front of ~

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)前に
Noun + の
mae ni 前に jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 【まえに】 (mae ni). Meaning: before; in front of ~.

  • This grammar can be used mainly for 2 situations.
    • To say something happened before [X]. (time)
    • To say something happened in front of [X]. (space / position)

To say something happens after instead, use .

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

doa o akeru mae ni nokku gurai shite kudasai.
Before opening the door, please at least knock first.
Example #2

konbini no mae ni jitensha ga takusan arimasu.
There are many bicycles in front of the convenience store.
Example #3

ryokou no mae ni kippu o katte okimasu.
I will buy the tickets before the trip.
Example #4

gohan no mae ni te o araimashou.
let's make sure to wash our hands before eating.
Example #5

tesuto no mae ni isshokenmei benkyou shimashita.
I studied like crazy before the test.
Example #6

daigaku o sotsugyou suru mae ni ryuugaku shitai na.
I really want to study abroad sometime before I graduate university.
Example #7

23 ji mae ni nenakereba narimasen.
I need to go to bed before 11pm.
Example #8

neru mae ni, hamigaki o wasurenai de ne.
Don't forget to brush your teeth before you go to bed.
Example #9

shiai no mae ni mada isshukan ga aru node motto renshuu shiyou.
We still have a week to go before the game so let's practice some more.
Example #10

watashi tachi no gakkou no mae ni wa utsukushii kouen ga arimasu.
There is a beautiful park in front of our school.

Vocabulary List

開けるあけるto open (a door, etc.); to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package); to unlock
まえprevious; before; in front; ago
旅行りょこうtravel; trip; journey; excursion; tour
ご飯ごはんcooked rice, meal
大学だいがくuniversity; college
寝るねるto sleep; to go to bed; to lie down
歯磨きはみがきbrushing one's teeth
忘れるわすれるto forget
止まるとまるis stopped
手を洗うてをあらうto wash hands
一所懸命いっしょけんめいto go all out; to do one's absolute best
卒業そつぎょうto graduate
留学りゅうがくstudy abroad

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JLPT N5 vocabulary list

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