Learn JLPT N3 Grammar (kawari ni)


Instead of; in exchange for; in return

How to use

Verb (casual)代わりに
Noun + の

Learn Japanese grammar:  (kawari ni). Meaning: used to express an alternative. Ex) Instead of this, I will do this…

JLPT grammar 代わりに (kawari ni)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

kuruma de kita no de, biiru no kawari ni koora o kudasai.
Since I came by car, I will have a cola instead of beer.
Example #2

kyou wa shigoto e iku no kawari ni jitensha de itta.
Today, instead of going to work by car, I went by bicycle.
Example #3

kesa wa koohii no kawari ni ocha wo nonda.
This morning, instead of drinking coffee, I drank tea.
Example #4

ohashi ga nai no de, sono kawari ni fooku wo tsukau.
Since I do not have any chopsticks, I will use a fork instead

Vocabulary List


Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N3 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N3 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N3 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N3 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N3 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N3 Grammar

In my opinion, this is the best book for studying JLPT N3 grammar. This is the book I used and it helped me pass the JLPT on my first try. It covers all of the JLPT N3 Grammar in 6 weeks, with an easy to follow study schedule. There are translations in English (and other languages), but most of the book and explainations are written in Japanese.
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Kanzen Master Jlpt N3 Grammar

This is my second recommded JLPT N3 grammar book., which also covers all of the grammar that you need to know to pass the JLPT n3, and includes great practice excercises. One down side though, is it's mostly in Japanese, but that will help you in the long run.
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Tobira Gateway to Intermediate Japanese

This textbook was designed to help beginner Japanese learners go to the intermediate / advanced level. It's extremely highly rated, well-structured, full of visual aids and tons if information. It's about the same size as the Genki books, but full of more information and entirely in Japanese. Highly recommended for anyone who wants to get more serious with their Japanese studies.
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Jlpt N3 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N3. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
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