JLPT N1 Grammar (you ka~mai ka)

Meaning

whether or not; considering options

How to use

V(volational) +か + V(dict.) + まいか
Special Rules
(ru-V) Vるまい / Vますまい
(u-V) Vるまい
くる -> こまい / くるまい

Learn Japanese grammar: ようか~まいか (you ka~mai ka). Meaning: whether or not; considering options.

This grammar point is often used when trying to consider different options, or whether or not to do something.

Be wary of various acceptable conjugations, which are listed above.

ikou ka, iku mai ka

should I go or should I not go?

JLPT grammar ようか~まいか (you ka~mai ka)  - Learn Japanese
become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

行くか、行かないか、どちらにしようか
ame da. kaimono wo shi ni ikou ka, iku mai ka.
It's raining.. Should I go to buy groceries or not?
Example #2

結婚するか、しないか、どちらにするか
kare to kekkon shiyou ka suru mai ka nayamu kurai nara, yameta hou ga ii to omou.
If you're not sure if you want to marry him or not, I think it's best you don't.
Example #3

しようか、しないか、どちらにするか
sono shinbun kisha wa, kiji wo keisai shiyou ka su mai ka nayanda ageku, keisai wo yameta.
That newspaper reporter was deciding whether or not to to submit an article for publication, but ended up worrying too much and decided not to.
Example #4

しようか、しないか
ryuugaku shiyouka sumaika mayou koto jitai hatarakanakereba naranai mono kara mireba shiawasena koto da to omou.
I'm unsure if I should study abroad or not, but for people who are unable to go because of work, it is surely a wonderful dream experience.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
かれhe
結婚けっこんmarriage
悩むなやむto worry
記者きしゃreporter
記事きじarticle
掲載けいさいto publish
揚げ句あげくin the end
留学りゅうがくstudy abroad
自体じたいitself

View all JLPT N1 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N1 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N1 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N1 grammar list