JLPT N4 Grammar (matawa)

Meaning

both; or; otherwise​; choice between [A] or [B]

How to use

Noun-1又は
または
Noun-2
matawa または または jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: 又は 【】(matawa). Meaning: both; or; otherwise​; choice between [A] or [B].

The kanji version is used in more advanced Japanese 又は, and this grammar can be used to express 2 different meanings.

Meaning 1) To choose one option between [A] and [B]. A more formal version of “or”.

Meaning 2) Both options [A] and [B] are valid.

*Note* This grammar point is very similar in meaning to .


matawa または または jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

Click the image to download the flashcard.
Download all N4 grammar flashcards.

JLPT Grammar E-Book Download

Download our complete
JLPT N4 Grammar Master E-book.

become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

コーヒーまたはおちゃからおえらびください。
koohii matawa ocha kara o erabi kudasai.
Please choose from either coffee or tea.
Example #2

にほんごまたはえいごではなせます。
nihongo matawa eigo de hanasemasu.
I can speak both Japanese and English.
Example #3

でんわまたはメールでへんじしてください。
denwa matawa meeru de henji shite kudasai.
Please respond either by phone or email.
Example #4

かいじょうにはちゅうしゃじょうがありません。でんしゃまたはバスをごりようください。
kaijou ni wa chuushajou ga arimasen. densha matawa basu o goriyou kudasai.
There is no parking lot at the event location. Please come either by train or bus.
Example #5

Aしゃとけいやくするのか、またはBしゃとけいやくするのか、こんしゅうじゅうにきめなければならない。
A sha to keiyaku suru no ka, matawa B sha to keiyaku suru no ka, konshuujuu ni kimenakareba naranai.
I need to choose this week whether I will go into contract with company A or company B.
Example #6

こくせきやせいべつまたはしょくぎょうなどでひとをさべつしてはいけない。
kokuseki ya seibetsu matawa shokugyou nado de hito o sabetsu shite wa ikenai.
We should not judge people based on their nationality, gender, or occupation.
Example #7

でんわでよやくしても、またはファクスでよやくしてもりょうきんはおなじだが、インターネットでよやくするとプレゼントがもらえる。
denwa de yoyaku shitemo, matawa fakusu de yoyaku shitemo ryoukin wa onaji daga, intaanetto de yoyaku suru to purezento ga moraeru.
If you reserve via phone or fax, the fee is the same, but if you reserve online, you receive a present.

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N4 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N4 Grammar

This book covers all of the JLPT N4 Grammar in 6 weeks! (It also includes reading and listening practice)
See price on Amazon

GENKI II: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

This is the best all around book for beginners learning Japanese in English. I used this in my first year studying Japanese. I found it to be far better and easier to use than the many other books I was using. This is the second book in the series and should cover most of what you need to pass JLPT N4.
See price on Amazon

Kanzen Master Jlpt Grammar N4

This book covers all of the grammar that you need to know to pass the JLPT N4, and includes great practice excercises. One down side though, is it's mostly in Japanese, but that will help you in the long run.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N4 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N4. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon