JLPT N3 Grammar (beki)

Meaning

should do; must do

How to use

Verb (standard form)べき
べきだ
べきだった
べきでした
Special verb
する -> す
な-adjective + である
い-adjective + くある

Learn Japanese grammar: (beki) / (beki da). Meaning: should do; must do.

Grammar Notes:

  • This grammar is used to say this is something we should do or must do.
    • 知る (shiru beki) = I should know
  • You can also use it in the past tense with だった (datta) / でした (deshita)
    • 知る (shiru beki datta) = I should have known
  • To say the opposite, “you must not do”
  • Be sure to check out other similar grammar in our related grammar section.

Let’s look at some example sentences!

JLPT grammar べき (beki)  - Learn Japanese
become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

はやくきたくすべきだ。
hayaku kitaku subeki da.
You should go home early.
Example #2

しんじつをいうべきだ。
shinjitsu wo iu beki da.
You should tell the truth.
Example #3

わたしはそれについてもっとしるべきだ。
watashi wa sore ni tsuite motto shiru beki da.
I should know more about that.
Example #4

守らなければならない
yakusoku wa mamoru beki da.
You should keep your promises.
Example #5

安全でなければならない
omocha wa, mazu anzenn de aru beki.
Safety comes first for toys.
Example #6

どうすればいいか
nani wo subeki ka, mou kanojo no kokoro wa kimatteita.
She had already decided what she should do.
Example #7

好きじゃなければならない
shogakusei no sensei wa, kodomo ga suki de aru bekida to omoimasu.
I believe that elementary school teachers should love children.
Example #8

このことについてもっとはやくにしるべきだった。
kono koto ni tuite motto hayaku shiru beki datta.
I should have known about this much sooner.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
知るしるto know
早くはやくearly
帰宅きたくgo home
真実しんじつtruth
約束やくそくPromise
守るまもるTo protect, keep a promise
玩具おもちゃToy
先ずまずfirst
安全あんぜんSafety
彼女かのじょくshe
決まるきまるto decide

View all JLPT N3 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N3 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N3 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N3 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N3 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N3 Grammar

In my opinion, this is the best book for studying JLPT N3 grammar. This is the book I used and it helped me pass the JLPT on my first try. It covers all of the JLPT N3 Grammar in 6 weeks, with an easy to follow study schedule. There are translations in English (and other languages), but most of the book and explainations are written in Japanese.
See price on Amazon

Kanzen Master Jlpt N3 Grammar

This is my second recommded JLPT N3 grammar book., which also covers all of the grammar that you need to know to pass the JLPT n3, and includes great practice excercises. One down side though, is it's mostly in Japanese, but that will help you in the long run.
See price on Amazon

Tobira Gateway to Intermediate Japanese

This textbook was designed to help beginner Japanese learners go to the intermediate / advanced level. It's extremely highly rated, well-structured, full of visual aids and tons if information. It's about the same size as the Genki books, but full of more information and entirely in Japanese. Highly recommended for anyone who wants to get more serious with their Japanese studies.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N3 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N3. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon