JLPT N3 Grammar (beki)


should do; must do

How to use

Verb (standard form)べき
Special verb
する -> す
な-adjective + である
い-adjective + くある

Learn Japanese grammar: (beki) / (beki da). Meaning: should do; must do.

Grammar Notes:

  • This grammar is used to say this is something we should do or must do.
    • 知る (shiru beki) = I should know
  • You can also use it in the past tense with だった (datta) / でした (deshita)
    • 知る (shiru beki datta) = I should have known
  • To say the opposite, “you must not do”
  • Be sure to check out other similar grammar in our related grammar section.

Let’s look at some example sentences!

JLPT grammar べき (beki)  - Learn Japanese
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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

hayaku kitaku subeki da.
You should go home early.
Example #2

shinjitsu wo iu beki da.
You should tell the truth.
Example #3

watashi wa sore ni tsuite motto shiru beki da.
I should know more about that.
Example #4

yakusoku wa mamoru beki da.
You should keep your promises.
Example #5

omocha wa, mazu anzenn de aru beki.
Safety comes first for toys.
Example #6

nani wo subeki ka, mou kanojo no kokoro wa kimatteita.
She had already decided what she should do.
Example #7

shogakusei no sensei wa, kodomo ga suki de aru bekida to omoimasu.
I believe that elementary school teachers should love children.
Example #8

kono koto ni tuite motto hayaku shiru beki datta.
I should have known about this much sooner.

Vocabulary List

知るしるto know
帰宅きたくgo home
守るまもるTo protect, keep a promise
決まるきまるto decide

View all JLPT N3 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N3 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N3 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N3 grammar list

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