Learn JLPT N4 Grammar (hazu da)

Meaning

it must be; it should be (expectation)

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)はずだ
い-adjective + い
な-adjective + な
Noun + の

Learn Japanese grammar: (hazu da). Meaning: used to emphasize an expectation that something will take place or should be so.

It also expresses a strong disbelief in anything contrary to what is being said.

To say the opposite, you can use .

JLPT grammar はずだ (hazu da)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

かれはいまがっこうにいるはずだ。
kare wa ima gakkou ni iru hazu da.
He should be in school right now.
Example #2

きっと、休みの日だ
kyou wa shukujitsu dakara, ginkou wa yasumi no hazu da.
Today is a national holiday, so surely the banks are closed.
Example #3

もうすぐ帰るんだ
otousan ga sorosoro ie ni kaeru hazu da.
Father should be returning home anytime now.
Example #4

きっといないと思う
tanaka-san wa ima, ryokouchuu dakara, ie ni inai hazu da.
Tanaka-san can't be home right now since he is currently travelling.
Example #5

あなたはほうりつをしっているはずだ。
anata wa houritsu wo shitteiru hazu da.
You should know the law.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
祝日しゅくじつNational Holiday
銀行ぎんこうbank
休みやすみholiday; vacation
そろそろanytime now; soon
帰るかえるto return home
旅行中りょこうちゅうCurrently travelling

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N4 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N4 Grammar

This book covers all of the JLPT N4 Grammar in 6 weeks! (It also includes reading and listening practice)
See price on Amazon

GENKI II: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

This is the best all around book for beginners learning Japanese in English. I used this in my first year studying Japanese. I found it to be far better and easier to use than the many other books I was using. This is the second book in the series and should cover most of what you need to pass JLPT N4.
See price on Amazon

Kanzen Master Jlpt Grammar N4

This book covers all of the grammar that you need to know to pass the JLPT N4, and includes great practice excercises. One down side though, is it's mostly in Japanese, but that will help you in the long run.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N4 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N4. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon


Join our subscription list to get the latest lessons / content