Learn JLPT N4 Grammar (hazu da)


it must be; it should be (expectation)

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)はずだ
い-adjective + い
な-adjective + な
Noun + の

Learn Japanese grammar: (hazu da). Meaning: used to emphasize an expectation that something will take place or should be so.

It also expresses a strong disbelief in anything contrary to what is being said.

To say the opposite, you can use .

JLPT grammar はずだ (hazu da)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

kare wa ima gakkou ni iru hazu da.
He should be in school right now.
Example #2

kyou wa shukujitsu dakara, ginkou wa yasumi no hazu da.
Today is a national holiday, so surely the banks are closed.
Example #3

otousan ga sorosoro ie ni kaeru hazu da.
Father should be returning home anytime now.
Example #4

tanaka-san wa ima, ryokouchuu dakara, ie ni inai hazu da.
Tanaka-san can't be home right now since he is currently travelling.
Example #5

anata wa houritsu wo shitteiru hazu da.
You should know the law.

Vocabulary List

祝日しゅくじつNational Holiday
休みやすみholiday; vacation
そろそろanytime now; soon
帰るかえるto return home
旅行中りょこうちゅうCurrently travelling

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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