JLPT N3 Grammar (naito)

Meaning

must do; unless/if you don't~

How to use

Verb (ない form)
Noun + でない / じゃない
な-adjective + でない / じゃない
い-adjective + くない
naito ないと jlpt n3 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (naito). Meaning: must do; unless/if you don’t~.

Meaning 1 – must do

This is the shortened version of .

See examples 1~3.

Meaning 2 – unless / if you don’t do~

Unless/if you don’t do (action), something bad will happen.

See examples 4~8.


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

もういかないと...
mou ikanai to.
I have to go now...
Example #2

しゅくだいをやらないと。
shukudai o yaranai to.
I have to do my homework.
Example #3

もうくらくなって、かえらないと。
mou kuraku natte, kaeranai to.
It's already gotten dark, I need to head home.
Example #4

はやくしないとまにあわないよ。
hayaku shinai to maniawanai yo.
If you don't hurry, you won't make it in time.
Example #5

はやくねないと、あしたおきられないよ。
hayaku nenai to, ashita okirarenai yo.
If you don't go to bed early, you won't be able to get up tomorrow.
Example #6

このねだんよりやすくないとかわない。
kono nedan yori yasuku nai to kawanai.
I won't buy it unless it is cheaper than this price.
Example #7

JLPTせんせいでないとにほんごをべんきょうしません。
JLPT sensei denai to nihongo o benkyou shimasen.
I will not study Japanese unless my teacher is JLPT Sensei.
Example #8

このきかいをとらないとたにんにとられますよ。
kono kikai o toranai to tanin ni toraremasu yo.
If you don't seize this opportunity, it will be taken by someone else.

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JLPT N3 grammar list

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