JLPT N5 Grammar (naide)


without doing~ ; To do [B] without doing [A]

How to use

Verb (ない form) + で 2nd action
naide ないで jlpt n5 grammar meaning 文法例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (naide). Meaning: without doing~ ; To do [B] without doing [A]

If no action follows ないで, it turns into a request. See lesson .

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

koohii ni wa, itsumo satou o irenaide nomimasu.
I always drink coffee without putting any sugar in it.
Example #2

kanojo wa kasa o mota naide deteshimatta.
She left without bringing an umbrella.
Example #3

kinou wa tsukarete ite, denki o kesanaide nete shimatta.
Yesterday I was so tired I fell asleep without turning off the lights.
Example #4

kesa, asa gohan o tabenaide shigoto ni kimashita.
I came to work today without eating any breakfast.
Example #5

kinou, ofuro ni haira naide neteshimatta.
I went to bed yesterday without taking a bath/shower.
Example #6

ashita wa shiken nanode, konya wa ne naide benkyou shimasu.
Tomorrow is test day, so I'm gonna stay up all night and study without sleep.
Example #7

saikin, suzushii no de, eakon o tsuke naide nemasu.
Lately it's pretty cool, so I go to sleep without using the AC.
Example #8

asagohan o tabenaide gakkou ni kita kara, onaka ga suita.
I came to school without eating breakfast, so I'm pretty hungry.

Vocabulary List

Kanji Kana English
今朝 けさ this morning
朝ご飯 あさごはん breakfast
食べない たべない to not eat
仕事 しごと work
来る くる to come; to go
お茶 おちゃ tea
砂糖 さとう sugar
入れない いれない to not put inside
飲む のむ to drink
最近 さいきん lately
涼しい すずしい cool
エアコン air conditioning
寝る ねる to sleep
昨日 きのう yesterday
お風呂に入る おふろにはいる to take a bath
明日 あした tomorrow
試験 しけん test; exam
今晩 こんばん tonight; this evening
勉強 べんきょう study
彼女 かのじょ she
かさ umbrella
持たない もたない to not have
出る でる to leave

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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