JLPT N1 Grammar (donna ni~uga/uto(mo))


Now matter how/what; even if

How to use

holding doubt
Verb (よう form)
Noun / な-adjective +
Noun / な-adjective +
い-adjective +

Learn Japanese grammar: どんなに~うが/うと(も) (donna ni~uga/uto(mo)). Meaning: Now matter how/what; even if.

This grammar point should start with some sort of doubt preposition.

Both が (ga) and と(も)(to(mo)) are interchangeable

Before looking at the example sentences, let’s look at some simple patterns:

no matter how

ikura samu karou to(mo)

no matter how cold it may be

no matter where

doko e ikou to(mo)

no matter where you go


nanto iou ga

whatever you say

whatever #2

dou narou ga

whatever happens

JLPT grammar どんなに~うが/うと(も)  (donna ni~uga/uto(mo))  - Learn Japanese
become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

anata ga donnani ayamarou tomo, konkai wa yurushimasen.
Now matter how much you apologize, I'm not going to forgive you this time.
Example #2

kono manshon wa donnani sawagou tomo, soto kara wa nanimo kikoemasen.
No matter how loud you are in this apartment, you can't hear anything from outside.
Example #3

kimi ga nansai de arou ga kankei nai. shigoto ga dekireba ii.
As long as you can do the job, it doesn't matter how old you are.
Example #4

hitsuyou dakara, donnani takakarou ga kore wo kawanaito ikemasen.
It's irrelevant how expensive this is since it's a necessary item for me to purchase.
Example #5

boku ga nani wo shiyou ga katte da. anata ni iu hitsuyou wa nai.
Whatever I do is my choice and none of your business.

Vocabulary List

謝るあやまるto apologize
許すゆるすto forgive
騒ぐさわぐto be noisy
何歳なんさいwhat age
勝手かってone's way; selfish

View all JLPT N1 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N1 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N1 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N1 grammar list