Learn JLPT N2 Grammar (toka)

Meaning

I heard that

How to use

Verb (casual form)とか(で)
い-adjective
な-adjective + だ
Noun + だ

Learn Japanese grammar: (toka de). Meaning: I heard that..

  • (toka (de)) is used to express that you heard something.
    • Not factual, but rumor based
    • The で at the end is optional, and can be used with or without it.
  • Be careful to not confuse with , which has a different meaning.

Let’s look at some example sentences!

JLPT grammar とか (toka)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

あめりかでそだったとかで。
amerika de sodatta toka de.
I heard he/she was raised in America.
Example #2

こんどのしけんはかなりむずかしいとかで。
kondo no shiken wa kanari muzukashii toka de.
I heard the next test is going to be really hard.
Example #3

やまださんはねつがあるとかで、きょうはやすむそうです。
yamada san wa netsu ga aru toka de, kyou wa yasumu sou desu.
I heard that Yamada-san has a fever, so it looks like he'll be taking off work today.
Example #4

こんやのはなびたいかいは、あめでちゅうしだとか。
konya no hanabi taikai wa, ame de chuushi da toka.
I heard that tonight's fireworks were cancelled due to rain.
Example #5

さっききいたんだけど、たなかさんはらいんえん、かいしゃをやめるとか。ほんとうにやめるんだろう。
sakki kiitandakedo, tanaka-san wa rainen, kaisha wo yameru toka. Hontouni yamerundarou.
I just heard that Tanaka-san will be quitting next year. I wonder if he really is quitting..
Example #6

やすださんはいそがしいとかでこんやののみかいにこれないそう。
yasuda san wa isogashii toka de konya no nomikai ni korenai sou.
I heard Yasuda-san is quite busy and I don't think she'll be able to make it to drinks tonight.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
育つそだつto raise; grow up
今度のこんどのnext; this time's
試験しけんexam; test
難しいむずかしいdifficult
山田やまだYamada (name)
ねつfever
今日きょうtoday
休むやすむto take a break; take off work
今夜こんやtonight
花火大会はなびたいかいfireworks festival
あめrain
中止ちゅうしcancel
聞くきくto ask; hear
田中たなかTanaka (name)
来年らいねんnext year
会社を辞めるかいしゃをやめるto quit work
本当にほんとうにreally?
安田やすだYasuda (name)
忙しいいそがしいbusy
今夜のこんやのtonight's
飲み会のみかいdrinking party (usually after work)
来るくるto come

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

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