Learn JLPT N5 Grammar (de)

Meaning

in; at; on; by; with; via

How to use

Noun

Learn Japanese grammar: (de) has various meanings, including in; at; on; by; with; via; and even because.

The meaning changes based on the context of the sentence. Let’s look at some basic examples.

Meaning 1) で – place of action

Indicates the place where an action occurs. In this pattern, the preceding noun must be a location.

  • 学校日本語を勉強する。
  • がっこうにほんごをべんきょうする。
  • gakkou nihongo wo benkyou suru.
  • I study Japanese school.

Meaning 2) で – a means or method

Indicates a means or method. Similar to “by”, “with”, or “via”

  • 行く。
  • くるまいく。
  • kuruma iku.
  • I will go car.

Meaning 3) で – a total amount

Indicates a total amount of something (time, money, etc).

  • 1時間終わります。
  • いちじかんおわります。
  • ichijikan owarimasu.
  • I’ll finish one hour.

Meaning 4) で – reason for action

  • 病気今日休みます。
  • びょうききょうやすみます。
  • byouki kyou yasumimasu.
  • I’m sick, I’m taking today off..

This meaning is very similar to the grammar

JLPT grammar で (de)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

じてんしゃをつかう
jitensha de ikimasu.
I will go by bicycle.
Example #2

みんなといっしょにいこう!
minna de ikou!
Let's go together with everyone!
Example #3

わたしだけ
tamani hitori de karaoke ni ikimasu.
I sometimes go to sing karaoke by myself.
Example #4

なにかのりゆうで
nanika no riyuu de kare wa mushi ga kowai n da.
For some reason, he is scared of bugs.
Example #5

かったばしょ、どこ?
sono shatsu doko de kaimashita?
Where did you buy that shirt?
Example #6

えきに会う
eki de aimashou ne.
Let's meet at the station.
Example #7

ここには
koko de denwa shinai de kudasai.
Please don't use your phone here.
Example #8

どこ?
doko de nihongo wo manabimashita ka?
Where did you learn Japanese?
Example #9

YouTubeで
youtube de nihongo wo benkyou shimasu.
I study Japanese by watching YouTube.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
自転車じてんしゃbicycle
行くいくto go
みんなeveryone
たまにsometimes; occasionally
一人でひとりでalone
なにかsomething; for some reason
理由りゆうreason
むしbug
怖いこわいscary
シャツshirt
買うかうto buy
えきstation
会うあうto meet
電話でんわphone; phone call
日本語にほんごJapanese
学ぶまなぶto learn

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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