JLPT N1 Grammar (de are/de arou to)

Meaning

whoever / whatever / however

How to use

Nounであれ
であろうと

Learn Japanese grammar: (de are) / であろうと (de arou to). Meaning: whoever / whatever / however.

Whoever

dare de are / dare de arou to

Wherever

doko de are / doko de arou to

Whatever

nan de are / nan de arou to

JLPT grammar であれ/であろうと (de are/de arou to)  - Learn Japanese
become a patron

Become a JLPT Sensei member on Patreon for extra bonus downloads.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

どんな理由でも
uso wo tsuku to wa, donna riyuu de are, yurusarenai koto da.
Whatever the reason, lying is an unforgivable act.
Example #2

彼女がだれでも
kanojo ga dare de are, tokubetsuatsukai suru no wa dame deshou.
Regardless of whoever she may be, preferential treatment is surely not OK.
Example #3

どの大学でも
dono daigaku de arou to, shingakusaki ga kimatte hotto shita.
Whatever university it may be, I'm just relieved to have finally decided which university to go to.
Example #4

故意しても
koi de arou to nakarou to hito wo kizutsuketa koto ni wa kawari wa arimasen.
Whether there was intent or not, that doesn't change the fact that someone was hurt.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
だれwho
嘘をつくうそをつくto lie
理由りゆうreason
許すゆるすto forgive
特別扱いとくべつあつかいpreferential treatment
進学先しんがくさきschool advancement choice (university)
故意こいintent
傷つけるきずつけるto wound; hurt
変わりかわりchange

View all JLPT N1 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N1 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N1 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N1 grammar list