JLPT N1 Grammar (de are~de are)


whether [A] or [B]

How to use

Noun / な-adjective + であれ + Noun / な-adjective + であれ
Noun / な-adjective + であろうと + Noun / な-adjective + であろうと

Learn Japanese grammar: (de are~de are). Meaning: whether [A] or [B].

This grammar point can be used with nouns or なadjectives to connect two things and say “whether [item 1] or [item 2]”.

If you do not need to compare two items, you can use this grammar point instead: – whoever / whatever / however

JLPT grammar であれ~であれ (de are~de are)  - Learn Japanese
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- Example Sentences

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Example #1

sensei de are gakusei de are, kisoku ni wa shitagawa nakereba narimasen.
Whether you are a teacher or a student, everyone must follow the rules.
Example #2

tatoe ame de arou to yuki de arou to, ashita no shiai wa yotei doori okonaimasu.
Even if it rains or snows, tomorrows match will continue as scheduled.
Example #3

seishain de arou to, paato de arou to, shigoto ni taisuru sekinin wa kawarimasen.
Whether you are a full-timer or part timer, one's responsibility towards work does not change.
Example #4

shachou deare shain deare, kokyaku ni kono ken wo setsumei subeki datta.
Whether it be the company president or an employee, someone should have explained this to the client.

Vocabulary List

規則を従うきそくをしたがうto follow rules
予定通りよていどおりas scheduled
行うおこなうto be held
正社員せいしゃいんfull-time worker
パートぱーとpart-time worker
社長しゃちょうcompany president
社員しゃいんcompany employee

View all JLPT N1 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N1 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N1 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N1 grammar list