Learn JLPT N4 Grammar (koto ni naru)

Meaning

It has been decided that..; it turns out that..

How to use

Verb (dictionary form)
Verb (ない form)
ことになる

Learn Japanese grammar: (koto ni naru). Meaning: It has been decided that..; it turns out that..

(koto ni naru) is used used to express something that has been decided or determined by factors outside of one’s own resolve. Though sometimes it can be an indirect way to say something that may indeed be one’s own resolve..

If you want to express something that has been determined by one’s own resolve, you can use the similar grammar point instead.

NOTE, this grammar point often uses the past version of なる (naru) to express that something has already been decided:

  • ことになった (koto ni natta)
  • ことになりました (koto ni narimashita)
JLPT grammar ことになる (koto ni naru)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

おおさかにてんしょくすることになりました。
oosaka ni tenkin suru koto ni narimashita.
It's been decided that I'll be transferring to Osaka for work.
Example #2

にゅうがくしきは4がつ1にちにおこなうことになりました。
nyuugakushiki wa shigatsu tsuitachi ni okonau koto ni narimashita.
The entrance ceremony will be held on April 1st.
Example #3

りょうしんはりこんということになった。
ryoushin wa rikon toiu koto ni natta.
My parents ended up deciding to get a divorce.
Example #4

あしたあたらしいきかくについてのかいぎがおこなわれることになっている。
ashita atarashii kikaku ni tsuite no kaigi ga okonawareru koto ni natte iru.
It's been decided that there will be a meeting regarding the new plan tomorrow.
Example #5

にほんではくるまはどうろのひだりがわをうんてんすることになっています。
nihon dewa kuruma wa douro no hidarigawa o unten suru koto ni natte imasu.
In Japan cars drive on the left side of the road.
Example #6

Aかいしゃではしんにゅうしゃいんはあさ、そうじすることになっている。
A kaisha dewa shinnyuu shain wa asa souji suru koto ni natte iru
It's been decided that new employees at company A will do cleaning in the morning.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
大阪おおさかOsaka
転勤てんきんwork transfer
入学式にゅうがくしきschool entrance ceremony
行うおこなうto hold
両親りょうしんparents
離婚りこんdivorce

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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