Learn JLPT N4 Grammar (koto ga aru)

How to use

Verb (casual, non-past)ことがある

Learn Japanese grammar: (koto ga aru). Meaning: there are times when ~; sometimes do.

(koto ga aru) is used to say:

  • there are times when ~
  • sometimes do ~
  • to have things to do (examples 9~10)

It must be used with a non-past verb.

Let’s look at some example sentences!

JLPT grammar ことがある (koto ga aru)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

tamani kanojo to isshoni tenisu wo shini iku koto ga aru.
Sometimes I go to play tennis with my girlfriend.
Example #2

tamani jitensha de tsuukin suru koto ga aru.
Sometimes I commute to work by bicycle.
Example #3

watashi wa kaigichuu demo, nete shimau koto ga aru.
Sometimes I fall asleep during meetings.
Example #4

tokidoki shigoto wo yametai to omou koto ga aru.
There are times when I feel like quitting my job.
Example #5

watashi no jimoto wa roku gatsu demo samui koto ga aru.
In my hometown there are times where it is cold even in June.
Example #6

fudan wa haha ga gohan wo tsukurimasu ga, watashi ga tsukuru koto mo arimasu.
My mother usually cooks, but there are times when I do as well.
Example #7

tokidoki betonamu ryouri wo tsukuru koto ga arimasu.
Sometimes I cook Vietnamese food.
Example #8

tamani hito no namae wo wasureru koto ga arimasu.
There are times when I forget people's names.
Example #9

hanashitai koto ga aru.
There's something I'd like to talk to you about
Example #10

konshuu takusan no yaru koto ga arimasu.
This week there are a lot of thins for me to do.

Vocabulary List

彼女かのじょgirlfriend; her; she
行くいくto go
会議中かいぎちゅうduring the meeting
寝るねるto sleep
辞めるやめるto quit
思うおもうto think
ご飯を作るごはんをつくるto make a meal
料理りょうりcooking; food
忘れるわすれるto forget
話すはなすto speak; to say
今週こんしゅうthis week
沢山たくさんa lot

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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