Learn JLPT N1 Grammar (koso sure)

Meaning

part [B] of sentence is definitely not (strong emphasis)

How to use

Nounこそすれ
Verbます

(koso sure) is a set pattern that emphasizes that the last part (part [B]) of the sentence is “definitely not”.

It is not always used for contradictions. Both parts [A] and [B] can either agree with or contradict each other. The latter part will be emphasized as “definitely not”.

Related Grammar Lessons

– although; even though

– but; although

– not until

- Example Sentences

Each sentence includes a Japanese hint (green button), romaji reading, and English translation (blue button). Click on the buttons for the hints and translations to show.

Example 1

絶対に非難されるものではない
What you've done is praiseworthy and (absolutely) should not be criticized.

Example 2

増えることはあるが、絶対に減らない。
Gray hair never decreases, it only increases.

Example 3

絶対に恨んでいません。
I appreciate everything you've done and have no ill feelings despite everything that happened (emphasized).

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
褒めるほめるto praise
非難ひなんcriticism
白髪しらがgray hair
普通ふつうnormal; normally
増えるふえるto increase
減るへるto decrease
感謝かんしゃto appreciate; be thankful
恨むうらむto resent

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N1 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N1 vocabulary list

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JLPT N1 grammar list
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