Learn JLPT N4 Grammar (garu; gatteiru)

Meaning

to show signs of; to appear; to feel, to think

How to use

い-adjective + がる
がっている
がった
がらないで
な-adjective +

Learn Japanese grammar: (garu) can be used to say that someone or yourself is showing signs of~, appearing to~, feeling~, etc.

This grammar point basically turns adjectives into verbs, so the tense can change based on the verb conjugation. Let’s look at some examples:

(garu) – to show signs of; to feel

General Use

kare wa inu o kowa garu.

He is (appears to be/seems to be) generally afraid of dogs.

Current Tense

kare wa inu o kowa gatteiru.

He is currently showing signs of being afraid of dogs.

Past Tense

kare wa inu o kowa gatteita.

He was showing signs of being afraid of dogs.


(hoshi garu) – to want

combine to express a strong desire or want for something. Of course, any adjective can be converted to a verb, but this form is quite common.

Let’s look at a basic example:

Cruise sensei wa atarashii jitensha o hoshi garu.

Cruise-sensei wants a new bicycle (very badly).


Extra Study Notes

(garu) is generally used for speaking in the 3rd person, but it is also acceptable to use it for yourself in some situations.

JLPT grammar がる・がっている (garu; gatteiru)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

怖いと思わないで
kowa garanai de kudasai.
Please don't feel scared (or afraid)
Example #2

恥ずかしいと思わないで
hazukashi garanai de, mae ni dete kite kudasai.
Please don't be shy and come up here.
Example #3

とてもくやしい
shiai ni makete kuyashi garu.
Feeling (or appearing to be) bitter after losing the match.
Example #4

残念だと思う
ototo wa korarenakute, totemo zannen gatteimashita.
My brother seems upset that he is not able to come.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
かれhe
いぬdog
怖いこわいscary; frightening
新しいあたらしいnew
自転車じてんしゃbicycle; bike
欲しいほしいto want
恥ずかしいはずかしいEmbarrassing
試合しあいmatch; game
負けるまけるto lose
悔しいくやしいfrustrating
残念ざんねんunfortunate; regrettable

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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