Learn JLPT N4 Grammar (gari)


personality; tend to~; sensitivity towards~

How to use

い-adjective + がり
な-adjective +

Learn Japanese grammar: (gari). Meaning: that someone tends to…; has a tendency to…; has a sensitivity to…

Before starting this lesson, you may want to read the lesson for first.

がる (garu) is used to say that someone is appearing to be a certain way. がり (gari) changes the meaning to describe a personality, tendency, or sensitivity towards something.

Therefore, while sound similar, both grammar points are saying quite different things.

While がる (garu) is usually used when talking about others, がり (gari) can be used to talk about both others and oneself.

Let’s look at some examples of how this translates:

Meaning 1) Describe Personality


scaredy cat; someone who is easily scared; tends to scare easily


shy person; someone who tends to be shy


lonely person; person who does not want to be alone


to bluff; someone who tends to look tough


Someone who tends to want to stand out

Note that this form is changed from , which means to want to do~ when talking of others

Meaning 2) Sensitivity Towards Something


Someone who is sensitive to the cold.


Someone who is sensitive to heat.

Extra Study Notes

When talking about someone’s personality, Japanese people will usually add 屋 (ya) at the end.

Another option, which is more friendly, is to add 屋さん (yasan) at the end instead.


shy person (friendly way of saying)

JLPT grammar がり (gari)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

kanojo wa kowa-gari dakara horaa eiga wa dame da
My girlfriend gets scared easily so horror movies are out of the question.
Example #2

watashi wa samu gari nanode, fuyu wa amari suki janai.
I'm sensitive to the cold, so I don't really like winter.

Vocabulary List

目立ちたいめだちたいto want to stand out
寒いさむいcold (weather)
暑いあついhot (weather)
彼女かのじょshe; girlfriend

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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