JLPT N4 Grammar (gari)

Meaning

someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to~

How to use

い-adjective がり
な-adjective
gari がり がり jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (gari). Meaning: someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to~.

Based from がる

Before starting this lesson, you may want to read the lesson for first.

がる (garu) is used to say that someone is appearing to be a certain way. がり (gari) changes the meaning to describe a personality, tendency, or sensitivity towards something.

Therefore, while the sound is similar, both grammar points are saying quite different things.

What is different?

While がる (garu) is usually used when talking about others, がり (gari) can be used to talk about both others and oneself.

Meaning 1) Describe Personality

(kowa-gari)

scaredy cat; someone who is easily scared; tends to scare easily

(hazukashi-gari)

shy person; someone who tends to be shy

(sabishi-gari)

lonely person; person who does not want to be alone

(tsuyo-gari)

to bluff; someone who tends to look tough

(medachita-gari)

Someone who tends to want to stand out

Note that this form is changed from , which means to want to do~ when talking of others

Meaning 2) Sensitivity Towards Something

(samu-gari)

Someone who is sensitive to the cold.

(atsu-gari)

Someone who is sensitive to heat.

Extra Study Notes

When talking about someone’s personality, Japanese people will usually add 屋 (ya) at the end.

Another option, which is more friendly, is to add 屋さん (yasan) at the end instead.

(hazukashi-gari-yasan)

shy person (friendly way of saying)


gari がり がり jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

Click the image to download the flashcard.
Download all N4 grammar flashcards.

JLPT Grammar E-Book Download

Download our complete
JLPT N4 Grammar Master E-book.

become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

かのじょはこわがりだからホラーえいがはダメだ。
kanojo wa kowa gari dakara horaa eiga wa dame da
My girlfriend gets scared easily so horror movies are out of the question.
Example #2

わたしはさむがりなのでふゆはあまりすきじゃない。
watashi wa samu gari nanode, fuyu wa amari suki janai.
I'm sensitive to the cold, so I don't really like winter.
Example #3

このバンドがかいさんしたらファンがかなしがりだろう。
kono bando ga kaisan shitara fan ga kanashi gari darou.
If this band breaks up, their fans will be very sad.
Example #4

かっこいいかれをゲットしたらみんなうらやましがりだろうな。
kakkoii kare o getto shitara minna urayamashi gari darou na.
I bet everybody will envy me if I get a cute boyfriend.
Example #5

ひとびとがふあんがりのでせいふはそのじじつをかくしていた。
hitobito ga fuan gari node seifu wa sono jijitsu o kakushite ita.
The government has kept the secret so as to not make people worry.
Example #6

あんなところにちゅうしゃしたらきんじょのひとにめいわくがりよ。
anna tokoro ni chuusha shitara kinjo no hito ni meiwaku gari yo.
The neighbors will get annoyed if you park in such a place!
Example #7

かれはかのじょがほしがりバッグをかってあげた。
kare wa kanojo ga hoshi gari baggu o katte ageta.
He bought her the bag she wanted.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
怖いこわいscary
恥ずかしいはずかしいembarrassing
寂しいさびしいlonely
強いつよいstrong
目立ちたいめだちたいto want to stand out
寒いさむいcold (weather)
暑いあついhot (weather)
彼女かのじょshe; girlfriend
映画えいがmovie
ふゆwinter

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N4 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N4 Grammar

This book covers all of the JLPT N4 Grammar in 6 weeks! (It also includes reading and listening practice)
See price on Amazon

GENKI II: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

This is the best all around book for beginners learning Japanese in English. I used this in my first year studying Japanese. I found it to be far better and easier to use than the many other books I was using. This is the second book in the series and should cover most of what you need to pass JLPT N4.
See price on Amazon

Kanzen Master Jlpt Grammar N4

This book covers all of the grammar that you need to know to pass the JLPT N4, and includes great practice excercises. One down side though, is it's mostly in Japanese, but that will help you in the long run.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N4 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N4. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon