JLPT N4 Grammar (gari)


personality (someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to ~)

How to use

gari がり jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (gari). Meaning: personality (someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to ~).

Based on がる (garu)

Before starting this lesson, you should first read the lesson for .

がる (garu) is used to say that someone is “showing signs of; appearing; feeling a certain way”.

がり (gari) changes the meaning to describe a personality, tendency, or sensitivity towards something.

Meaning 1) Describe Personality

(kowa gari)

scaredy cat; someone who is easily scared; tends to scare easily

(hazukashi gari)

shy person; someone who tends to be shy

(sabishi gari)

lonely person; person who feels lonely easily

(tsuyo gari)

to bluff; someone who tends to act tough

(medachita gari)

Someone who tends to want to stand out

Note that this form is changed from , which means to want to do~ when talking of others

Meaning 2) Sensitivity Towards Something

(samu gari)

Someone who is sensitive to the cold.

(atsu gari)

Someone who is sensitive to heat.

Extra Study Notes

When talking about someone’s personality, Japanese people will usually add 屋 (ya) at the end.

Another option, which is more friendly, is to add 屋さん (yasan) at the end instead.

(hazukashi gari ya san)

shy person (friendly way of saying)

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

kanojo wa sabishi gari ya desu.
She is a lonely person.
Example #2

このしごとははずかしがりのひとにはむいていない 。
kono shigoto wa hazukashi gari no hito ni wa muiteinai.
This job is not suited for shy people.
Example #3

kare wa tsuyogari dakedo, yasashii kokoro no hito desu.
He acts tough, but he has a kind heart.
Example #4

kanojo wa kowa gari dakara horaa eiga wa dame da
She tends to scare easily so horror movies are not good.
Example #5

watashi wa samu gari nanode, fuyu wa amari suki janai.
I'm sensitive to the cold, so I don't really like winter.
Example #6

kare no okusan wa medachi ta gari ya da.
His wife likes to be the center of attention.

Vocabulary List

彼女 かのじょshe; her​
仕事しごとwork; job; business
わたしI; myself
奥さんおくさんwife; your wife; his wife

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