JLPT N4 Grammar (gari)


someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to~

How to use

い-adjective がり
gari がり がり jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (gari). Meaning: someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to~.

Based from がる

Before starting this lesson, you may want to read the lesson for first.

がる (garu) is used to say that someone is appearing to be a certain way. がり (gari) changes the meaning to describe a personality, tendency, or sensitivity towards something.

Therefore, while the sound is similar, both grammar points are saying quite different things.

What is different?

While がる (garu) is usually used when talking about others, がり (gari) can be used to talk about both others and oneself.

Meaning 1) Describe Personality


scaredy cat; someone who is easily scared; tends to scare easily


shy person; someone who tends to be shy


lonely person; person who feels lonely easily


to bluff; someone who tends to look tough


Someone who tends to want to stand out

Note that this form is changed from , which means to want to do~ when talking of others

Meaning 2) Sensitivity Towards Something


Someone who is sensitive to the cold.


Someone who is sensitive to heat.

Extra Study Notes

When talking about someone’s personality, Japanese people will usually add 屋 (ya) at the end.

Another option, which is more friendly, is to add 屋さん (yasan) at the end instead.


shy person (friendly way of saying)

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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

kanojo wa kowa gari dakara horaa eiga wa dame da
My girlfriend gets scared easily so horror movies are out of the question.
Example #2

watashi wa samu gari nanode, fuyu wa amari suki janai.
I'm sensitive to the cold, so I don't really like winter.
Example #3

kono bando ga kaisan shitara fan ga kanashi gari darou.
If this band breaks up, their fans will be very sad.
Example #4

kakkoii kare o getto shitara minna urayamashi gari darou na.
I bet everybody will envy me if I get a cute boyfriend.
Example #5

hitobito ga fuan gari node seifu wa sono jijitsu o kakushite ita.
Because people tend to get nervous easily, the government hid the truth.
Example #6

anna tokoro ni chuusha shitara kinjo no hito ni meiwaku gari yo.
The neighbors will get annoyed if you park in such a place!
Example #7

kare wa kanojo ga hoshi gari baggu o katte ageta.
He bought her the bag she wanted.

Vocabulary List

目立ちたいめだちたいto want to stand out
寒いさむいcold (weather)
暑いあついhot (weather)
彼女かのじょshe; girlfriend

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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