JLPT N4 Grammar (gari)


personality (someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to ~)

How to use

い-adjective がり
gari がり がり jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (gari). Meaning: personality (someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to ~).

Based on がる (garu)

Before starting this lesson, you should first read the lesson for .

がる (garu) is used to say that someone is “showing signs of; appearing; feeling a certain way”.

がり (gari) changes the meaning to describe a personality, tendency, or sensitivity towards something.

Meaning 1) Describe Personality

(kowa gari)

scaredy cat; someone who is easily scared; tends to scare easily

(hazukashi gari)

shy person; someone who tends to be shy

(sabishi gari)

lonely person; person who feels lonely easily

(tsuyo gari)

to bluff; someone who tends to look tough

(medachita gari)

Someone who tends to want to stand out

Note that this form is changed from , which means to want to do~ when talking of others

Meaning 2) Sensitivity Towards Something

(samu gari)

Someone who is sensitive to the cold.

(atsu gari)

Someone who is sensitive to heat.

Extra Study Notes

When talking about someone’s personality, Japanese people will usually add 屋 (ya) at the end.

Another option, which is more friendly, is to add 屋さん (yasan) at the end instead.

(hazukashi gari ya san)

shy person (friendly way of saying)

gari がり がり jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 learn japanese flashcards

Click the image to download the flashcard.
Download all N4 grammar flashcards.

JLPT Grammar E-Book Download

Download our complete
JLPT N4 Grammar Master E-book.

become a patron

Access ALL extra downloads, ebooks, and study guides by supporting JLPT Sensei on Patreon.

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

kanojo wa sabishi gari ya desu.
She gets lonely easily.
Example #2

このしごとははずかしがりのひとにはむいていない 。
kono shigoto wa hazukashi gari no hito ni wa muiteinai.
This job is not suited for shy people.
Example #3

kare wa tsuyogari dakedo, yasashii kokoro no hito desu.
He acts tough, but he has a kind heart.
Example #4

kanojo wa kowa gari dakara horaa eiga wa dame da
My girlfriend gets scared easily so horror movies are out of the question.
Example #5

watashi wa samu gari nanode, fuyu wa amari suki janai.
I'm sensitive to the cold, so I don't really like winter.
Example #6

kare no okusan wa medachi ta gari ya da.
His wife likes to be the center of attention.

Vocabulary List

彼女 かのじょshe; her​
仕事しごとwork; job; business
わたしI; myself
奥さんおくさんwife; your wife; his wife

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N4 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N4 Grammar

This book covers all of the JLPT N4 Grammar in 6 weeks! (It also includes reading and listening practice)
See price on Amazon

GENKI II: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

This is the best all around book for beginners learning Japanese in English. I used this in my first year studying Japanese. I found it to be far better and easier to use than the many other books I was using. This is the second book in the series and should cover most of what you need to pass JLPT N4.
See price on Amazon

Kanzen Master Jlpt Grammar N4

This book covers all of the grammar that you need to know to pass the JLPT N4, and includes great practice excercises. One down side though, is it's mostly in Japanese, but that will help you in the long run.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N4 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N4. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon