JLPT N4 Grammar (gari)

Meaning

personality (someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to ~)

How to use

い-adjective がり
な-adjective
gari がり がり jlpt n4 grammar meaning 文法 例文 japanese flashcards

Learn Japanese grammar: (gari). Meaning: personality (someone tends to; has a tendency to; has a sensitivity to ~).

Based on がる (garu)

Before starting this lesson, you should first read the lesson for .

がる (garu) is used to say that someone is “showing signs of; appearing; feeling a certain way”.

がり (gari) changes the meaning to describe a personality, tendency, or sensitivity towards something.

Meaning 1) Describe Personality

(kowa gari)

scaredy cat; someone who is easily scared; tends to scare easily

(hazukashi gari)

shy person; someone who tends to be shy

(sabishi gari)

lonely person; person who feels lonely easily

(tsuyo gari)

to bluff; someone who tends to look tough

(medachita gari)

Someone who tends to want to stand out

Note that this form is changed from , which means to want to do~ when talking of others

Meaning 2) Sensitivity Towards Something

(samu gari)

Someone who is sensitive to the cold.

(atsu gari)

Someone who is sensitive to heat.

Extra Study Notes

When talking about someone’s personality, Japanese people will usually add 屋 (ya) at the end.

Another option, which is more friendly, is to add 屋さん (yasan) at the end instead.

(hazukashi gari ya san)

shy person (friendly way of saying)


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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

かのじょはさびしがりやです。
kanojo wa sabishi gari ya desu.
She gets lonely easily.
Example #2

このしごとははずかしがりのひとにはむいていない 。
kono shigoto wa hazukashi gari no hito ni wa muiteinai.
This job is not suited for shy people.
Example #3

かれはつよがりだけど、やさしいこころのひとです。
kare wa tsuyogari dakedo, yasashii kokoro no hito desu.
He acts tough, but he has a kind heart.
Example #4

かのじょはこわがりだからホラーえいがはダメだ。
kanojo wa kowa gari dakara horaa eiga wa dame da
My girlfriend gets scared easily so horror movies are out of the question.
Example #5

わたしはさむがりなのでふゆはあまりすきじゃない。
watashi wa samu gari nanode, fuyu wa amari suki janai.
I'm sensitive to the cold, so I don't really like winter.
Example #6

かれのおくさんはめだちたがりやだ。
kare no okusan wa medachi ta gari ya da.
His wife likes to be the center of attention.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
彼女 かのじょshe; her​
寂しいさびしいlonely
仕事しごとwork; job; business
恥ずかしいはずかしいembarrassed
強いつよいpowerful
怖いこわいfrightening
わたしI; myself
寒いさむいcold
奥さんおくさんwife; your wife; his wife

View all JLPT N4 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N4 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N4 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N4 grammar list

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