JLPT N5 Grammar Lesson (ga iru)

Meaning ()

there is; is (living things)

Level: JLPT N5

Category: Japanese Grammar Lessons

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How to use ()

Noun がいる
がいた
がいない
がいなかった

Grammar Study Notes ()

Learn Japanese grammar: (ga iru) is used to say there is or something is for LIVING things. The verb can be changed to a negative (ga inai) to instead say that there is not or something is not.

jlpt sensei Tomoko teaching whiteboard

Some important notes:

  • This form can only be used with living things.
  • For non-living things, use instead.
  • The が is changed to a に/は for places.
  • Can also mean to have or not have.

The verb (iru) comes from (iru), which is the verb for to be (for living things). However, when used in this grammar form, the hiragana form is used instead of the kanji form.

Let’s look at some basic examples.

Example 1) basic (ga iru)

shawaa ni wa dareka ga iru.

Someone is in the shower.

Example 2) place (ni iru)

ima doko ni iru no?

Where are you now?

Example 3) to have (ga iru)

kodomo ga imasu ka?

Do you have any children?

Example 4) Negative (ga inai)

iie, kodomo ga imasen.

No, I do not have any children.

Related Grammar Lessons

– there is; is (non-living)

– need to; it is necessary to

Example Sentences ()

Example sentences are separated so you can focus on one at a time. Click the example number to change to a new example sentence. Each sentence includes a Japanese hint, romaji reading, and English translation.

私には兄弟がいないんだ。

きょうだいがいない

watashi ni wa kyoudai ga inai nda.

I don't have any siblings.

東京駅に観光者いっぱいいる

かんこうしゃがいる

toukyou eki ni kankousha ga ippai iru.

There are a lot of tourists in Tokyo station.

もう晩ご飯の時間ですがお父さんはまだ事務所にいます

じむしょにいる

mou bangohan no jikan desuga otousan wa mada jimusho ni imasu.

It's already dinner time, but father is still in his office.

Vocabulary List ()

Kanji 漢字Kana 仮名English 英語
誰か だれか somebody
いま where
どこ where
子供 こども children
わたし I; me
兄弟 きょうだい siblings
東京駅 とうきょうえき Tokyo station
観光者 かんこうしゃ tourist
いっぱい a lot
もう already
晩ご飯 ばんごはん dinner
時間 じかん ~time
ですが although
お父さん おとうさん father; dad
まだ still
事務所 じむしょ office

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

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