Learn JLPT N5 Grammar (ga imasu)

Meaning

there is; to be; is (living things)

How to use

Nounがいる / がいます
がいた / がいました
がいない / がいません
がいなかった / がいませんでした

Learn Japanese grammar: (ga imasu) & (ga iru). Meaning: used to say there is or something is for LIVING things.

The verb いる (iru) comes from 居る (iru), which is the verb for to be (for living things). However, when used in this grammar form, the hiragana form is used instead of the kanji form.

  • This form can only be used with living things.
  • For non-living things, use instead.
  • The が is changed to a に/は for places.
  • Can also mean to have or not have.

Let’s look at some basic examples.

Example A) to be がいます (ga imasu)

  • シャワーには誰か
  • shawaa ni wa dareka ga imasu.
  • Someone is in the shower.

Example B) place にいます (ni imasu )

  • 今どこか?
  • ima doko ni imasu ka?
  • Where are you now?

Example C) to have がいます (ga imasu)

  • 子どもか?
  • kodomo ga imasu ka?
  • Do you have any children?

Example D) negative がいません (ga imasen)

  • いいえ、子ども
  • iie, kodomo ga imasen.
  • No, I do not have any children.

Let’s look at some more example sentences!

See all related grammar.

JLPT grammar がいます (ga imasu)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

テーブルのしたにねこがいる。
teeburu no shita ni neko ga iru.
There is a cat below the table.
Example #2

あなたはかれしがいるの?
anata wa kareshi ga iru no?
Do you have a boyfriend?
Example #3

きょうだいがいない
watashi ni wa kyoudai ga inai nda.
I don't have any siblings.
Example #4

かんこうしゃがいる
toukyou eki ni kankousha ga ippai iru.
There are a lot of tourists in Tokyo station.
Example #5

じむしょにいる
mou bangohan no jikan desuga otousan wa mada jimusho ni imasu.
It's already dinner time, but father is still in his office.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
誰かだれかsomebody
いまwhere
どこwhere
子供こどもchildren
わたしI; me
ねこcat
彼氏かれしboyfriend
兄弟きょうだいsiblings
東京駅とうきょうえきTokyo station
観光者かんこうしゃtourist
いっぱいa lot
もうalready
晩ご飯ばんごはんdinner
時間じかん~time
ですがalthough
お父さんおとうさんfather; dad
まだstill
事務所じむしょoffice

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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