Learn JLPT N5 Grammar (ga arimasu)


there is; is (non-living things)

How to use

Nounがある / があります
があった / がありました
がない / がありません
がなかった / がありませんでした

Learn Japanese grammar: (ga arimasu) & (ga aru). Meaning: used to say there is or something is for NON-LIVING things.

  • This form can only be used with non-living things.
  • For living things, use instead.
  • The が is changed to a に/は for places.
  • Can also mean to have or not have.

Let’s look at some basic examples.

Example A) basic があります (ga arimasu)

  • たくさんの宿題
  • takusan no shukudai ga aru.
  • I have (there is) a lot of homework.

Example B) place にあります (ni arimasu)

  • カバンがテーブルの上
  • kaban ga teeburu no ue ni aru.
  • Your bag is on the table.

Example C) asking a question

  • 言いたいことか?
  • iitai koto ga arimasuka?
  • Is there something you’d like to say?

Example D) Negative – is not / not have がありません (ga arimasen) / がない (ga nai)

  • お金んだ。
  • okane ga nai nda.
  • I have no (there is no) money.

Let’s look at some more example sentences!

See all related grammar.

JLPT grammar があります (ga arimasu)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

ninki ga aru.
to be popular.
Example #2

sengetsu okane ga zenzen nakatta.
Last month I had no money.
Example #3

heya ni terebi ga arimasu.
I have a TV in my room.
Example #4

nihon no suki janai tokoro ha arimasu.
There are some things I don't like about Japan.
Example #5

kono manshon niwa heya ga mitsu arimasu.
There are three rooms in this apartment.
Example #6

kare wa kane ga aru kara shinsha ga kaeru.
He has money so he can buy a new car.
Example #7

konya youji ga aru kara ikenai.
I have things to do tonight so I can't go.

Vocabulary List

沢山たくさんa lot
言いたいいいたいto want to say
先月せんげつlast month
全然ぜんぜんnot at all
好きじゃないすきじゃないdo not like
新車しんしゃnew car
買えるかえるable to buy
用事ようじthings to do; errands
行けるいけるto be able to go

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N5 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N5

This book covers everything you need to pass the JLPT N5 in just 6 weeks! (Kanji, Vocabulary, Grammar, Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension)
See price on Amazon

GENKI I: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

This is the best all around book for beginners learning Japanese in English. I used this in my first year studying Japanese. I found it to be far better and easier to use than the many other books I was using.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N5 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N5. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N5 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test (NEW 2018)

This is the new version of the official JLPT N5 practice test. If you've already taken the old practice test, this is a good option to practice with some different questions.
See price on Amazon

Join our subscription list to get the latest lessons / content