Learn JLPT N5 Grammar (ka - question particle)

How to use

end of sentence

Grammar Notes:

Learn Japanese grammar: (ka). Meaning:  is a sentence-ending particle used to turn a sentence into a question. It’s easy to think of it like a question mark (which often is not used in Japanese).

Let’s start with a basic example sentence.

  • 日本人です。
  • nihonjin desu.
  • I am Japanese.

Now by adding か we can turn this into a question:

  • 日本人です
  • nihon jin desu .
  • Are you Japanese

か can also mean “or”, see lesson for .

JLPT grammar か (ka - question particle)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

なんですか?
nan desu ka?
What?
Example #2

がくせいですか。
gakusei desu ka.
Are you a student?
Example #3

あなたのなまえはなんですか。
anata no namae wa nandesu ka.
What is your name?
Example #4

げんきですか。
genki desu ka.
How are you?
Example #5

かれはなんさいですか。
kare wa nansai desu ka.
How old is he?
Example #6

だいじょうぶですか?
daijoubu desu ka?
Are you alright?
Example #7

わたしとおひるごはんをたべませんか?
watashi to ohiru gohan wo tabemasen ka?
Would you like to have lunch with me?
Example #8

どうしてこのことをしらないのか?
doushite kono koto wo shiranai no ka?
Why don't you know about this?

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
日本人にほんじんJapanese person
なにwhat
学生がくせいstudent
あなたのyour
名前なまえname
元気げんきenergetic; doing good
かれhe
さいage (years)
大丈夫だいじょうぶOK
わたしI; me
昼ご飯ひるごはんlunch
食べるたべるto eat
知らないしらないto not know

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

Recommended JLPT N5 Books

Nihongo So-matome: JLPT N5

This book covers everything you need to pass the JLPT N5 in just 6 weeks! (Kanji, Vocabulary, Grammar, Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension)
See price on Amazon

GENKI I: An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

This is the best all around book for beginners learning Japanese in English. I used this in my first year studying Japanese. I found it to be far better and easier to use than the many other books I was using.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N5 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test

This is the official practice test of the JLPT N5. I highly recommend doing at least 1 practice test before taking the real test.
See price on Amazon

Jlpt N5 Japanese Lauguage Proficiency Test Official Practice Test (NEW 2018)

This is the new version of the official JLPT N5 practice test. If you've already taken the old practice test, this is a good option to practice with some different questions.
See price on Amazon


Join our subscription list to get the latest lessons / content