Learn JLPT N5 Grammar (ka~ka)

How to use

Verb
い-adjective
な-adjective
Noun

Grammar Notes:

Learn Japanese grammar: (ka~ka). Meaning: the particle is used to say “or”. It is used when trying to decide between 2 or more choices.

  • よい悪いわかりません。
  • yoi warui wakarimasen.
  • I’m not sure if this is good bad.

か can also be used as a question marker. See lesson

Let’s practice with some more example sentences!

Also be sure check out all of the related grammar for this lesson.

JLPT grammar か~か (ka~ka)  - Learn Japanese

- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see.

Example #1

あしたはあめかどうかわからない。
ashita wa ame ka dou ka wakaranai.
I'm not sure if it will rain or not tomorrow.
Example #2

おちゃかコーヒーがのみたい。
ocha ka koohii ga nomitai.
I would like to drink tea or coffee.
Example #3

あたるかはずれるか。
ataru ka hazureru ka.
Hit or miss.
Example #4

やるかやらないかはやくきめてください。
yaru ka yaranai ka hayaku kimete kudasai.
Please hurry up and decide if you are going to do it or not.
Example #5

らいしゅうのげつようびかかようびにきょうとにいきます。
raishuu no getsuyoubi ka kayoubi ni kyouto ni ikimasu.
I'm going to Kyoto next Monday or Tuesday.
Example #6

しぬかいきるか。
shinu ka ikiru ka.
Live or die.

Vocabulary List

KanjiKanaEnglish
良いよいgood
悪いわるいbad
分かりませんわかりませんto not know
明日あしたtomorrow
あめrain
お茶おちゃtea
飲むのむto drink
当たるあたるto hit target
外れるはずれるto miss target
早いはやいfast; early
決めるきめるto decide
来週らいしゅうnext week
月曜日げつようびMonday
火曜日かようびTuesday
京都きょうとKyoto
死ぬしぬto die
生きるいきるto live

Vocabulary items are displayed based on the order they appear in the grammar lesson.

View all JLPT N5 Vocabulary Lessons

JLPT N5 vocabulary list

View all JLPT N5 Grammar Lessons

JLPT N5 grammar list

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