JLPT N1 Grammar (uto~uto/uga~uga)


whether/even if [A] or [B].

How to use

Verb (よう form)
Noun / な-adjective + だろう
Noun / な-adjective + であろう
い-adjective + かろう

Learn Japanese grammar: (uto~uto) / (uga~uga). Meaning: whether/even if [A] or [B].

This grammar pattern uses a double repetition of うと~うと (uto~uto) or うが~うが (uga~uga). All of the example sentences highlight this grammar point in red so it is easier to see.

*Note* This grammar point does not always need to be repeated. To see an example of singular use, check out

JLPT grammar うと~うと/うが~うが (uto~uto/uga~uga)  - Learn Japanese
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- Example Sentences

Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation.

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Example #1

shinpin de arou to, chuuko de arou to, sonna kata no furui pasokon wa kau beki de wa nai to omoimasu.
Whether that is a new or used, I don't think you should buy such and old model..
Example #2

ore wa sakana darou ga niku darou ga, nandemo taberu.
Whether it be fish or meat, I'll eat anything.
Example #3

ame ga furou to yuki ga furou to ashita no ibento ni wa kanarazu iku yo.
Come rain or snow, I'm definitely going to tomorrow's event!
Example #4

mainichi, jikan ga arou to nakarou to, renraku dake ha irete kudasai.
Please make sure to contact me every day, whether you are busy or not.

Vocabulary List

新品しんぴんnew product
型の古いかたのふるいold model
おれI (masculine)

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